Deals with 121 species belonging to 9 families, 40 genera. Ten species and one genus (Pseudoplectania) are new records for Israel. Operculate Discomycetes (Pezizales, Ascomycota) of Israel is arranged in two parts. A general part providing data regarding materials and methods, phylogeny and taxonomy of Operculate Discomycetes with special attention to the genus Morchella, together with a chapter devoted to the studies of cultural morphology and molecular phylegony of Morchella. A special part (taxonomic part) offers detailed macro – and micromorphological descriptons, ecology, distribution, and habitat in Israel, general distribution, notes and discussions.