The 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity created a new awareness of the economic impact of living organisms. Regulators and quarantine specialists in governments all over the world now scrutinise dots on maps, as real-time online disease mapping and prediction models allow us to track (and try to prevent) the spread of diseases across borders. Woodlands are more managed, include less genetic diversity, and seem to be more susceptible to rapidly spreading disease. Different jurisdictions use different terminology, Biosecurity, Alien Invasive Species, Quarantine, but it is now commonplace to see large signs in airports, along highways, and on public hiking trails, warning citizens not to accidentally or deliberately facilitate the spread of unwanted pests or microbes. With the ophiostomatoid fungi, scientists have to cope with the overlapping behaviour of a triumvirate of kingdoms, the fungi, the animals (bark beetles, mites or nematodes), and how all of these impact trees in our forests and cities.
Ophiostomatoid Fungi: Expanding Frontiers includes 21 papers divided among five themes, plus an appendix. It is a sequel to Ceratocystis and Ophiostoma: Taxonomy, Ecology, and Pathogenicity, published by the APS Press in 1993, and like that book isderived from an international symposium, this one held on North Stradbroke Island, Australia prior to the 9th International Mycological Congress. A year before Ophiostomatoid Fungi: Expanding Frontiers was completed, mycological taxonomy formally abandoned the historical two name system, known as dual nomenclature, and we are now adopting a single name binomial system. The appendix to Ophiostomatoid Fungi: Expanding Frontiers provides a preliminary view of the nomenclature of the ophiostomatoid fungi using the new single name system. In an attempt at consistency, this naming system is used in all chapters