About this book
Structure and function of the components of the photosynthetic apparatus and the molecular biology of these components have become the dominant themes in advances in our understanding of the light reactions of oxygenic photosynthesis. Oxygenic Photosynthesis: The Light Reactions presents our current understanding of these reactions in thylakoid membranes.
Topics covered include the photosystems, the cytochrome b6-f complex, plastocyanin, ferredoxin, FNR, light-harvesting complexes, and the coupling factor. Chapters are also devoted to the structure of thylakoid membranes, their lipid composition, and their biogenesis. Updates on the crystal structures of cytochrome f, ATP synthase and photosystem I are presented and a section on molecular biology and evolution of the photosynthetic apparatus is also included. The chapters in this book provide a comprehensive overview of photosynthetic reactions in eukaryotic thylakoids.
The book is intended for a wide audience, including graduate students and researchers active in this field, as well as those individuals who have interests in plant biochemistry and molecular biology or plant physiology.
Thylakoid Membranes. A: Structure. 1. Introduction, composition, heterogeneity in structure and composition; A. Staehelin. 2. Evolution of thylakoid structure; J. Hoober. B: Synthesis and Assembly of Thylakoid Membranes. 1. Thylakoid membrane development and assembly; A. Webber, N. Baker. 2. Development of thylakoid membrane stacking; L. Mustardy. 3. Biosynthesis of thylakoid membrane lipids; R. Douce, J. Joyard. 4. Thylakoid membrane proteins: synthesis, import, processing, insertion; C. Robinson. III: The Photosynthetic Apparatus. A: Oxygen Evolution. 1. Introduction to O2 evolution and the O2-evolving complex and role of extrinsic polypeptides; T. Bricker, D. Ghanotakis. 2. Mechanism of O2 evolution: charge accumulation, Mn oxidation, S-state cycle, roles of Ca2+ and C1-; D. Britt. 3. Proton release during water oxidation; W. Junge. B: Photosystem II. 1. Introduction to PSII reaction center function, composition and structure; K. Satoh. 2. Primary electron transfer: Z->QA; B. Diner, G. Babcock. 3. Plastoquinone reduction: 2e- gate, proton uptake, role of Fe, herbicide binding; C. Wraight. 4. Role of cytochrome B559; J. Whitmarsh, H. Pakrasi. 5. PSII heterogeneity; J.-M. Briantais, J. Lavergne. C: Photosystem I. 1. Introduction to PSI reaction center function, composition and structure; R. Nechustai. 2. Primary electron transfer: P700->Fx; R. Malkin. 3. Ferredoxin reduction and reactions of reduced ferredoxin: NAPD, thioredoxins, nitrite reductase, etc.; D. Knaff. 4. Status report on crystal structure of PSI reaction center; H. Witt. D: Components of Intersystem Electron Transfer. 1. Introduction to cytochrome b6f complex function and composition and structure; G. Hauska. 2. Mechanism of H+ and e- transfer; W. Cramer. 3. Plastocyanin: structure, location, diffusion, electron transfer mechanism; E. Gross. 4. Status report on crystal structure of cytochrome f; W. Cramer. E: Coupling Factor. 1. Introduction to coupling factor function and composition and structure; R. McCarty. 2. Catalytic mechanism: role of subunits, nucleotide binding, interaction of CF1 with CF0; M. Richter. 3. Regulation of coupling factor activity; J. Mills. 4. Status report of structure of CF1; E. Boekema. F: Light Harvesting Complexes. 1. Introduction, survey and nomenclature; D. Simpson, J. Knotzel. 2. Structure, protein and pigment composition of LHC II, LHC I and other CAB species; E. Pichersky, S. Jansson. 3. Excitation energy transfer: functional aspects of CAB proteins, spillover, etc.; A. Melis. 4. Carotenoids: location and function; H. Yamamoto, R. Bassi. IV: Molecular Biology/Genetics of the Photosynthetic Apparatus. A: The Chloroplast Genome. 1. Structure and content; R. Hallick. 2. Chloroplast gene expression: regulation of transcription and translation, coordination with nuclear genome expression; W. Gruissem, M. Roell. 3. Chloroplast transformation/mutagenesis: state of the art, successes to date, future directions.