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Academic & Professional Books  Organismal to Molecular Biology  Microbiology

Paleomicrobiology of Humans

By: Michel Drancourt(Editor), Didier Raoult(Editor)
Paleomicrobiology of Humans
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  • Paleomicrobiology of Humans ISBN: 9781555819163 Paperback Sep 2016 Usually dispatched within 5 days
    £57.99
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About this book

Only recently was it determined that two of the world's most devastating plagues, the plague of Justinian and the medieval Black Death, were caused by distinct strains of the same pathogen. Use of paleomicrobiological techniques led to this discovery. This work is just one example of the historical mysteries that this emerging field has helped to clarify. Others, such as when tuberculosis began to afflict humans, the role of lice in plague pandemics, and the history of smallpox, are explored and further illuminated in Paleomicrobiology of Humans.

Led by editors Michel Drancourt and Didier Raoult, the book's expert contributors address larger issues using palaeomicrobiology. These include the recognition of human remains associated with epidemic outbreaks, identification of the graves of disasters, and the discovery of demographic structures that reveal the presence of an epidemic moment. In addition, Paleomicrobiology of Humans reviews the technical approaches and controversies associated with recovering and sequencing very old DNA and surveys modern human diseases that have ancient roots.

Essentially, palaeomicrobiologists aim to identify past epidemics at the crossroads of different specialities, including anthropology, medicine, molecular biology, and microbiology. Thus, this book is of great interest not only to microbiologists but to medical historians and anthropologists as well.

Paleomicrobiology of Humans is the first comprehensive book to examine so many aspects of this new, multidisciplinary, scientific field.

Contents

Contributors vii
Introduction xi
Acknowledgments xiii

1 Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples 1
      Dominique Castex and Sacha Kacki
2 Characterization of the Funeral Groups Associated with Plague Epidemics 13
      Stéfan Tzortzis and Michel Signoli
3 Paleogenetics and Past Infections: the Two Faces of the Coin of Human Immune Evolution 21
      Laurent Abi-Rached and Didier Raoult
4 A Personal View of How Paleomicrobiology Aids Our Understanding of the Role of Lice in Plague Pandemics 29
      Didier Raoult
5 Sources of materials for Paleomicrobiology 39
      Gérard Aboudharam
6 Paleomicrobiology Data: Authentification and Interpretation 51
      Michel Drancourt
7 Human Coprolites as a Source for Paleomicrobiology 59
      Sandra Appelt, Michel Drancourt, and Matthieu Le Bailly
8 Ancient Resistome 75
      Abiola Olumuyiwa Olaitain and Jean-Marc Rolain
9 The History Of Epidemic Typhus 81
      Emmanouil Angelakis, Yassina Bechah, and Didier Raoult
10 Paleopathology of Human Infections: Old Bones, Antique Books, Ancient and Modern Molecules 93
      Olivier Dutour
11 Past Bartonelloses 107
      Pierre-Edouard Fournier
12 Paleomicrobiology Of Human Tuberculosis 113
      Helen Donoghue
13 Paleomicrobiology of Leprosy 131
      Mark Spigelman and Mauro Rubini
14 Past Intestinal Parasites 143
      Matthieu Le Bailly and Adauto Araújo
15 Paleopathology and Paleomicrobiology of Malaria 155
      Andreas Nerlich
16 History of Smallpox and Its Spread in Human Populations 161
      Catherine Thèves, Eric Crubézy, and Philippe Biagini
17 Cholera 173
      Donatella Lippi, Eduardo Gotuzzo, and Saverio Caini
18 Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology 181
      Rezak Drali, Kosta Y. Mumcuoglu, and Didier Raoult

Index 191

Customer Reviews

By: Michel Drancourt(Editor), Didier Raoult(Editor)
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