Plant galls are ubiquitous but often poorly understood. Whether galls are a defensive response to restrict damage by herbivores, a consequence of herbivores manipulating their microenvironment, or a combination of these and other factors, is a matter for debate in every case. Galls are produced by an extraordinarily wide variety of organisms, ﬁom bacteria and fungi to plants and parasitic Hymenoptera, on a wide variety of plant hosts and structures within those hosts. The life cycles of the producers are highly complex, as are those of the organisms associated with them.
The aim of this book is to bring together information from biologists from diverse disciplines with an interest in plant galls and to demonstrate the range of viewpoints from which galls can be studied; scientists from the same wide array of backgrounds, whether from ecology, systematics, physiology, plant~animal interactions, or coevolution, will ﬁnd material of interest within it.
Edited by Michèle A. J. Williams, Taxonomic mycologist, International Mycological Institute, UK
"Technically, the book is of excellent quality with instructive tables and schemes and clear photos. Because of its price it can be recommended to libraries and individuals crazy about this fascinating field of biology."
– R. Beiderbeck, Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 147, 1996