About this book
This book provides a broad overview of solute transport in plants. It first determines what solutes are present in plants and what roles they play. The physical bases of ion and water movement are considered. The volume then discusses the ways in which solutes are moved across individual membranes, within and between cells, and around the plant. Having dealt with the role of plant solutes in 'normal' conditions, the volume proceeds to examine how the use of solutes has been adapted to more extreme environments such as hot, dry deserts, freezing mountains and saline marshes. A crucial stage in the life cycle of most plants, the internally-controlled dehydration concomitant with seed formation, is also addressed.
Throughout the volume the authors link our increasing understanding of the cellular and molecular bases of solute movement with the roles that these fulfil in the whole plant under both ideal and stressful conditions, showing how these are dictated by the physical laws that govern solute and water movement.
1. General Introduction Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 2. Solutes, what are they, where are they and what do they do? Tim Flowers, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, John Maynard Smith Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QG, UK; and School of Plant Biology, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia. 3. The driving forces for water and solute movement Tim Flowers, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, John Maynard Smith Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QG, UK and School of Plant Biology, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia; and Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 4. Membrane Structure and the study of solute transport across plant membranes Matthew Gilliham, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia 5. Transport across plant membranes Frans J. Maathuis, Biology Department/Area 9, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK 6. Regulation of ion transporters Anna Amtmann and Michael R. Blatt, IBLS Bower Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK 7. Intracellular transport: solute transport in chloroplasts, mitochondria, peroxisomes and vacuoles, and between organelles Katrin Philippar and Jurgen Soll, Department Biologie I, Botanik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Menzingerstr. 67, D-80638 Munchen, Germany 8. Ion uptake by plant roots Romola J. Davenport, Oxford Institute of Ageing, University of Oxford, Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UQ, UK 9. Transport from Root to Shoot Sergey Shabala, School of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 54, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia. 10. Solute transport in the Phloem Jeremy Pritchard, School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK 11. Factors limiting the rate of supply of solutes to the root surface Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 12. Mineral deficiency and toxicity Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 13. Water-limited conditions Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 14. Salinity Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK 15. Desiccation Tolerance Anthony Yeo, West Sussex, UK
Dr Anthony Yeo and Professor Timothy Flowers, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK