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About this book
About this book
This monograph introduces the students and specialists of agricultural and food science to the fundamentals of optical spectroscopy, main principles of modern spectroscopic instrumentation, advantages and practical applications of spectroscopic methods to investigation of agricultural objects such as milk and dairy products, eggs, honey, animal hair, and agronomic plants.
* Fundamentals of Spectroscopy; Optical Radiation; The Interaction of Light and Agricultural Object; Quantum Theory; Atomic Absorption and Emission; Molecular Absorption and Emission; Electronic Energy Levels; Vibrational Energy Levels; Processes of Deactivation; Spectroscopy; Summary; * Laser: Principals and Mechanisms of Action; Principle of Action; Pumping; Spontaneous Emission; Stimulated Emission; Absorption; Inversion of Population; Components of Laser; Formation of Laser Radiation; Properties of Laser Radiation; Summary; * Spectroscopic Methods; Absorption/Transmission Spectroscopy; Light Reflection; Luminescence; Scattering; Summary; * Spectroscopic Analysis of Milk and Dairy Products; Properties of Milk; Infrared Spectrophotometry of Milk and Dairy Products; Instrumentation; The Results of Infrared Spectrophotometry of Milk and Dairy Products; Infrared Spectrophotometer for Milk Analysis; Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Milk and Milk Components; Instrumentation; The Results of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Milk; Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Milk and Milk Components; Instrumentation; The Results of Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Milk; Identification of Milk Fluorophors; Fluorometers for Milk Analysis; Laser Light Scattering by Milk Particles; Instrumentation; The Results of Light Scattering by Milk Particles; Summary; * Spectroscopic Analysis of Eggs; Properties of Eggs; Current Problems of Eggs Quality Evaluation; Absorption/Transmission Spectroscopy of Eggs in Visible Part of Spectrum; Fluoroscene Spectroscopy of Eggs; Defectoscopy of Eggshell; Instrumentation; The Results of Spectroscopic Analysis of Eggs and Eggshell; Summary.