Predation is considered one of the distinct phenomena related to the interrelationships between species on the Earth. Predation is an interaction between organisms (animals) in which one organism (predator) captures and feeds upon another (prey). Others consider predation as an interaction between two species in which one of them gains and the other loses.
There are diverse predators living on the Earth, ranging in size from micro-creatures, like ostracods, to big mammals like lions and tigers. Of course, we, humans, think of these big cats as well as reptiles, like crocodiles and snakes, as typical predators. However, spiders, centipedes, most lizards and turtles, and frogs are also voracious predators. In general, predation is widespread not only in wildlife but also in marine environments where big fishes eat small fishes and other organisms of the sea.
Some important questions arise to mind when discussing this subject: what is behind predation? Why some predators do not benefit from their prey after killing them? Are there genetic origins of this antagonism between organisms? Why some female organisms kill their males after completion of sex? How can we avoid predation? To answer these questions an excellent group of experts working on this phenomenon discuss the following main topics: What is behind predation in organisms? - Factors affecting predation in organisms - Predator-prey interaction - The distinct role of predation in keeping the environmental equilibrium - Examples of predation in the fossil record - Examples of predation in marine and non-marine organisms - Herbivory, carnivory, cannibalism, parasitoidism, and parasitism - Scavenging compared to predation - Future trends in this subject.
Preface.- An introduction to predation in organisms.- Feeding strategies of fossil myodocopid ostracoda compared to modern analogues.- Trophic relationships in crustacea dacapoda of a river with floodplain.- The role of predation in shaping biological communities.- Biological control of mosquito populations: an applied aspect of predation.- Fossil record of predation on marine invertebrates.- Drilling predation on invading bivalves by predatory gastropods.- Crushing in mordern and fossil brachiopod shells as indicator of biotic interactions.- Seasonal drilling predation intensity in the sand dollar from a tropical bay.- Evolutionary consequences of predation: avoidance, escape, diversification, and speciation.- Predation of fossil eggs.- Predator-prey interaction in pterosaurs: an overview.- Predation of marine mammals.- Feeding in marine mammals.- Predation tactics in flightless birds and non-avian dinosaurs.
From the reviews: "This book is a collection of 13 chapters (including the Introduction) on various aspects of predation ! . Its 24 contributors from nine countries wrote chapters of variable length ! . Overall, libraries may want a copy of it ! ." (Jonathan M. Jeschke, Basic and Applied Ecology, Issue 9, 2008)