About this book
Reprint of Cytogenetic and Genome Research 2005, Vol. 108, No. 1-3.
Primate molecular genetics, cytogenetics and genomics currently form a highly dynamic field of research. This has not occurred simply because of advances in technology. It is largely a consequence of the key insight that many aspects of human genome functioning can be better understood when knowledge about the conservation of, and changes in, genome organization during the course of evolution is integrated. Studies of our closest phylogenomic relatives, the nonhuman primates, can provide detailed information on the molecular mechanisms that shape the human genome. Consequently the chimpanzee genome project put forth the first chimpanzee draft sequence and its alignment with the human reference sequence in December 2003.
Including review articles and original investigations, this Cytogenetic and Genome Research single topic issue bundles various different perspectives and provides a broad overview of the present knowledge about molecular cytogenetics, genome organization and evolution of primates. It will be of great interest to researchers and geneticists in the fields of primatology, anthropology, molecular phylogeny, evolution, human genetics and genome research.
Preface Comparative Genomics and Molecular Evolution Conservation genomics: applying whole genome studies to species con servation efforts: Ryder OA Evolution of hominoids and the search for a genetic basis for creat ing humanness: Saitou N The dynamic nature and evolutionary history of subtelomeric and per icentromeric regions: Mewborn SK, Lese Martin C, Ledbetter DH Primate phylogeny: molecular evidence from retroposons: Schmitz J, Roos C, Zischler H The primates of the Neotropics: genomes and chromosomes: Seuanez HN, Bonvicino CR, Moreira MAM Evolutionary implications of pericentromeric gene expression in hum ans: Mudge JM, Jackson MS Tandem insertions of Alu elements: El-Sawy M, Deininger P Identity by descent and DNA sequence variation of human SINE and LI NE elements: Salem A-H, Ray DA, Batzer MA Molecular evolution of the human chromosome 15 pericentromeric regi on: Locke DP, Jiang Z, Pertz LM, Misceo D, Archidiacono N, Eichler EE Nucleotide sequence comparison of a chromosome rearrangement on hum an chromosome 12 and the corresponding ape chromosomes: Shimada MK, Kim C-G, Kitano T, Ferrell RE, Kohara Y, Saitou N Comparative Molecular Cytogenetics and Chromosome Evolution The impact of chromosome sorting and painting on the comparative an alysis of primate genomes: Ferguson-Smith MA, Yang F, Rens W, O'Bri en PCM Origins of primate chromosomes - as delineated by Zoo-FISH and alig nments of human and mouse draft genome sequences: Froenicke L Fluorescence in situ hybridization to chromosome as a tool to under stand human and primate genome evolution: Wienberg J Evolutionary conserved chromosomal segments in the human karyotype are bounded by unstable chromosome bands: Ruiz-Herrera A, Garcia F, Mora L, Egozcue J, Ponsa M, Garcia M Reciprocal painting between humans, De Brazza's and patas monkeys r eveals a major bifurcation in the Cercopithecini phylogenetic tree: Stanyon R, Bruening R, Stone G, Shearin A, Bigoni F Phylogenetic inferences of Atelinae (Platyrrhini) based on multi-di rectional chromosome painting in Brachyteles arachnoides, Ateles pa niscus paniscus and Ateles b. marginatus: de Oliveira EHC, Neusser M, Pieczarka JC, Nagamachi C, Sbalqueiro IJ, Muller S Investigation of marmoset hybrids (Cebuella pygmaea x Callithrix ja cchus) and related Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini) by cross-species ch romosome painting and comparative genomic hybridization: Neusser M, Munch M, Anzenberger G, Muller S Application of molecular cytogenetics for chromosomal evolution of the Lemuriformes (Prosimians): Warter S, Hauwy M, Dutrillaux B, Rum pler Y Evolutionary breakpoint analysis on Y chromosomes of higher primate s provides insight into human Y evolution: Wimmer R, Kirsch S, Rapp old GA, Schempp W The evolution of the azoospermia factor region AZFa in higher prima tes: Wimmer R, Kirsch S, Rappold GA, Schempp W Primate Meiosis and Nuclear Architecture Chimpanzee chromosomes: retrotransposable compound repeat DNA organ ization (RCRO) and its influence on meiotic prophase and crossing-o ver: Hirai H, Matsubayashi K, Kumazaki K, Kato A, Maeda N, Kim H-S Inter- and intra-specific gene-density-correlated radial chromosome territory arrangements are conserved in Old World monkeys: Tanabe H, Kupper K, Ishida T, Neusser M, Mizusawa H Fine structure and meiotic behaviour of the male multiple sex chrom osomes in the genus Alouatta: Solari AJ, Rahn MI Author Index