This volume discusses the complex relationship between Protected Areas and tourism and their impact on community livelihoods in a range of countries in Southern Africa.
Protected areas and tourism have an enduring and symbiotic relationship. While protected areas offer a desirable setting for tourism products, tourism provides revenue that can contribute to conservation efforts. This can bring benefits to local communities, but it can also have a negative impact, with the establishment of protected areas leading to the eviction of local communities from their original places of residence, while also preventing them from accessing the natural resources they once enjoyed. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach, this book addresses the opportunities and challenges faced by communities and other stakeholders as they endeavour to achieve their conservation goals and work towards improving community livelihoods. Case studies from Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe address key issues such as human–wildlife conflicts, ecotourism, wildlife-based tourism, landscape governance, wildlife crop-raiding and trophy hunting, including the high-profile case of Cecil the lion. Chapters highlight both the achievements and positive outcomes of protected areas, but also the challenges faced and their impact on how protected areas are viewed and also conservation priorities more generally. The volume gives these issues affecting protected areas, local communities, managers and international conservation efforts centre stage in order to inform policy and improve practice going forward.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of conservation, natural resource management, tourism, sustainable development and African studies, as well as professionals and policymakers involved in conservation policy.
1. Protected areas and tourism dynamics in Southern Africa: An overview / Moren Tibabo Stone, Lesego Senyana Stone, Goemeone E.J. Mogomotsi and Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi
PART I. Community–PA relations: Impacts on local communities
2. Protected areas and tourism development: A historical analysis of the Southern African experience / Boga Thura Manatsha and Bongani Glorious Gumbo
3. Community perceptions of protected areas and tourism amidst poverty: Experiences from Southern Africa / Herbert Ntuli and Edwin Muchapondwa
4. Ecotourism as a paradigm shift in conservation and community livelihoods in the Southern African region: Opportunities, challenges and lessons learnt / Said Juma Suluo and Wineaster Anderson
5. Tolerance for wildlife resources through community wildlife-based tourism: Implications for sustainability / Chiedza Ngonidzashe Mutanga
PART II. Protected areas, tourism and human–wildlife conflicts dynamics
6. Landscape governance in sub-Saharan Africa / Rene van der Duim and Arjaan Pellis
7. In the way of wildlife: Contestations between Indigenous Peoples’ livelihood and conservation / Onthatile Olerile Moeti
8. The socio-economic impacts of wildlife crop-raiding: An assessment of the efficacy of conservation and agricultural land uses reconciliation / Emmanuel Mwakiwa
9. Protected areas and community-based tourism: The effectiveness of current mitigation techniques in human wildlife conflicts / Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi and Goemeone E.J. Mogomotsi
PART III. Managing the wildlife economy: Contemporary issues in Southern Africa
10. Lifting of the hunting ban and the elephant debate in Botswana: Implications for conservation and development in Southern Africa / Joseph Elizeri Mbaiwa and Emmanuel Mogende
11. The role of the media and the international community in recent conservation issues in Southern Africa: The case of Cecil the lion / Garikai Chimuka
12. Nature-based tourism resources and climate change in Southern Africa: Implications for conservation and development sustainability / Kaitano Dube
13. International organisations and the ivory sales ban debate: The case of Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana / Caroline Cox
14. The COVID-19 pandemic and nature-based tourism in Southern Africa / Susan Snyman
PART IV. Protected areas and tourism practices: Policy and practice
15. The adoption of community-based tourism in the proximity of protected areas: Implications for policy and practice / Oliver Mtapuri
16. Militarisation of conservation and ‘shoot to kill’ policies: An analysis of the rights of African states to protect and conserve wildlife / Goemeone E.J. Mogomotsi and Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi
17. Implications of the ‘high-value, low-volume’ approach in conservation and tourism resources management / Lesego Senyana Stone and Moren Tibabo Stone
18. Promotion of pro-poor tourism in Southern Africa: Conservation and development critical issues / Owen Gohori, Peet van der Merwe, and Andrea Saayman
19. Contrasting safari and bushmeat hunting in Southern Africa: Conservation and development issues / Julia Laura van Velden
PART V. Conclusion
20. A synthesis of protected areas and tourism contributions to conservation and community livelihoods goals in Southern Africa: A conclusion / Moren Tibabo Stone, Lesego Senyana Stone, Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi And Goemeone E.J. Mogomotsi
Lesego Senyana Stone is a Senior Lecturer in Tourism Management in the Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Botswana.
Moren Tibabo Stone is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.
Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi is an Associate Professor in Natural Resources Economics in the Department of Economics, University of Botswana.
Goemeone E. J. Mogomotsi is an Associate Professor in International Environmental Policy and Senior Executive Assistant to the Vice Chancellor in the University of Botswana.