This book contains the proceedings of the 46th University of Nottingham Feed Conference.
The Ruminant section is concerned with improving efficiency of dairy systems. The First chapter discusses effects of nutrition on metabolic health and reproduction. The second highlights the role of carnitine in energy metabolism. The third and fourth chapters provide updates on responses to dietary starch and amino acids. The fifth reviews techniques for manipulating rumen fermentation. The sixth chapter explains how to optimize calf and heifer rearing to enhance lifetime performance.
The general section starts with a chapter on recent developments in feed technology across species. The second explores the potential use of insects for animal feed. The third discusses important indicators of animal health and welfare.
The non-ruminant section is concerned with health and nutrition of pigs and poultry. The first chapter describes the impact of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. The second provides guidance on how to improve performance at the lower end of the production scale. The third reviews use of fermented feeds for pigs. The fourth discusses updates from the 2012 NRC guidelines. The fifth shows how processing affects feed efficiency in pigs and poultry. The final chapter provides an overview of current thinking on gilt management and nutrition.
All chapters are written by international experts and provide comprehensive analysis of issues alongside practical applications. Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition 2014 is essential reading for anyone involved in the livestock industry, including nutritionists, feed suppliers, researchers, consultants, animal science students, legislators and veterinary practitioners.
1 Managing nutrition to improve the metabolic health and reproduction of dairy cows
2 Physiological role of carnitine in energy metabolism, possible interplay with inflammation and potential benefits for dairy cows
3 Considerations for feeding starch to high-yielding dairy cows
C. K. Reynolds, D. J. Humphries, A. M. van Vuuren, J. Dijkstra, and A. Bannink
4 Nitrogen efficiency and amino acid requirements in dairy cattle
A. M. van Vuuren, J. Dijkstra
5 Manipulating rumen fermentation to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impact
C Jamie Newbold, Gabriel de la Fuente, Alejandro Belanche, Kenton Hart, Eric Pinloche, Toby Wilkinson, Eli R Saetnan and Eva Ramos-Morales
6 Dairy calf and heifer rearing for optimum lifetime performance
7 Recent developments in feed enzyme technology
H.V. Masey O’Neill, M.R. Bedford and N. Walker
8 Enabling the exploitation of insects as a sustainable source of protein for animal feed and human nutrition
9 Using animal-oriented indicators and benchmarking for continuously improving animal health and welfare
10 Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and pig feed efficiency and tissue accretion
Nicholas K. Gabler and Wes Schweer
11 More pigs born per sow per year – Feeding and management of the bottom 20% of the pig population
12 Fermented products and diets for pigs
Hanne Maribo, Anni Øyan Pedersen and Thomas Sønderby
13 Highlights of the 2012 Swine NRC
Brian J. Kerr
14 Feed processing technology to improve feed efficiency in pigs and poultry
15 Gilt management and nutrition: An overview
List of Participants