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Sustainable development is the key for the survival in 21st century. The natural resources are finite and cannot be used with impunity because we are the custodian of these resources and have responsibility to pass these to the next generation. This monumental task requires several major commitments and most important of them is to arrest population explosion which has already reached seven billion. Natural resources like air to breath, food to eat, and water to drink, and fossil fuel to maintain this life style are being overexploited. Unrestrained consuming culture will accelerate undesired situation. This situation will have more dire consequences in resource limited ecosystems like dry lands. Given the severe scarcity of water, ever increasing population and soil salinization out of the box solutions for the provision of food and clean energy is required to spare meager fresh water resources for conventional agriculture.
Sabkha Ecosystems, Volume 4 contains a number of articles dealing with halophyte ecology, bio-geography, ecophysiology, hyper-saline soils, biofuels, biosaline agriculture, biosaline landscaping, climate change mitigation, and biodiversity. It also contains the communication of innovative ideas, such as the research into floating mangroves, seagrass terraces, as well as a World Halophyte Garden containing all known salt-tolerant plant species. It is hoped that the information provided will not only advance vegetation science, but that it will truly generate more interdisciplinarity, networking, awareness, and inspire farmers, and agricultural and landscaping stakeholders to seriously engage in halophyte cash crop production in coastal hyper-saline areas.
List of Authors
Preface; Sheikha Abdulla Al Misnad, Ph.D
Foreword; Prof. emeritus Dr. Helmut Lieth, Mrs. Marina Lieth
Introduction; B. Boer, M.A. Khan
1. Economic sustainability for halophyte cash farms in urban environments; P. Bierman-Lytle
2. Spatial distribution of soil salinity and its management options in the Northern Emirates, UAE; M.A. Abdelfattah, S.A. Shahid
3. Gypsum crystals formation and habits, Umm Said sabkha, Qatar; M. Al-Youssef
4. Distribution, ecology and ecophysiology of mangroves in Pakistan; I. Aziz, F. Khan
5. Halophytes for the production of liquid biofuels; J.J. Brown et al.
6. Feasibility of halophyte domestication for high-salinity agriculture; J.J. Brown et al.
7. The gypsum dunes of Cuatrocienegas Valley, Mexico - A secondary Sabkha ecosystem with gypsophytes; A. Czaja et al.
8. Effects of seed storage on germination of desert halophytes with transient seed bank; A. El-Keblawy
9. Halophytes of southwest Asia; S.A. Ghazanfar et al.
10. From halophyte research to halophytes farming; K.B. Hamed et al.
11. Interactive effect of salinity and drought on the germination of dimorphic seeds of Suaeda salsa; W. Huang et al.
12. Kochia (Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad) unwanted or wanted plant for forage production in harsh environments; M. Kafi et al.
13. Importance of the diversity in between halophytes to agriculture and land management in arid and semiarid countries; H.-W. Koyro et al.
14. Is soil heterogeneity the major factor influencing vegetation zonation at Karachi coast?; S. Gulzar et al.
15. Research and development with seawater and halophytic plants for sustainable saline agro systems in the Arabian Gulf; R.A. Loughland et al.
16. Salinity tolerant turfgrasses for biosaline urban landscape agriculture; K.B. Markum
17. Ecology, distribution and ecophysiology of Salicornia europaea L.; A. Muscolo et al.
18. Germination pre-treatments in Haloxylon persicum (Amaranthaceae), an economically important tree of desert ecosystems in western Asia; K. Nosrati et al.
19. Halophytes in the east Mediterranean - their medicinal and other economical values; M. Ozturk et al.
20. Germination and early seedling growth of two salt-tolerant Atriplex species that prevent erosion in Iranian deserts; A. Shahbazi et al.
21. Salt marshes and biodiversity; A. Teixeira et al.
22. Distinctive features and role of sulfur-containing compounds in marine plants, seaweeds, seagrasses and halophytes from an evolutionary point of view; N.X. Vy et al.
23. The chemical composition and technological properties of seagrasses - a basis for their use (a review); N.A. Milchakova et al.
24. Seagrass terraces for food security and carbon sequestration; B. Boer et al.
25. Floating mangroves: the solution to reduce atmospheric carbon levels and land-based marine pollution?; B. Boer
26. World Halophyte Garden: Economic dividends with global significance; B. Boer, M.A. Khan