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Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation

By: Klaus Henle(Editor), Simon G Potts(Editor), William E Kunin(Editor), Yiannis G Matsinos(Editor), Jukka Similä(Editor), John D Pantis(Editor), Vesna Grobelnik(Editor), Lyubomir Penev(Editor), Josef Settele(Editor)

205 pages, colour photos, colour & b/w illustrations, colour tables

Pensoft Publishers

Hardback | Jul 2014 | #234924 | ISBN-13: 9789546427397
Availability: In stock
NHBS Price: £89.99 $114/€100 approx

About this book

Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation is the first of its kind to describe the challenges that arise in studying and conserving biodiversity across different scales. Taking a scale-conscious view of the drivers of change, biodiversity patterns and processes themselves, and policy actions aimed at management and protection, it describes a wide range of practical methods and recommendations to improve conservation at continental and global scales.

Drivers of change are considered at different spatial scales, including the likely effects on biodiversity under land use and climate change. Ecological patterns and processes are examined and modelled at different levels of biological organization, from genetics, through individual dispersal and population viability, to community structure and selected ecosystem services. Trade-offs and tensions between different conservation goals are explored, and promising new methods for the study of scaling effects are digested from the scientific literature. Different governance and policy tools are evaluated and recommendations given. Finally, case studies from both Europe and Taiwan illustrate many of the scaling issues with a focus on networks of protected areas and their connectivity.

Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation is addressed to a wide range of readers. Scientists will find readable summaries of analyses, methods and case studies. Conservationists and policy makers will find recommendations and ideas for management, biodiversity governance, and decisionmaking. Lecturers will find good examples to illustrate the challenges that arise from considering multiple scales in ecology and biodiversity conservation. Moreover, everyone concerned with conservation will find ideas in Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation to help in the urgent task of protecting biological diversity through study, insight and action at all kinds of scales: spatial, temporal, administrative and ecological.


9 Preface
10 Acknowledgements

Chapter I Introduction
13 Scaling in ecology and biodiversity conservation: An introduction
Klaus Henle, Vesna Grobelnik, Simon G. Potts, Anna V. Scott, William E. Kunin, Richard M. Gunton, Yiannis G. Matsinos, Jukka Simila, John D. Pantis, Reinhard Klenke, Josef Settele, Lyubomir Penev
19 The meaning of “scale”
Richard M. Gunton, Reinhard A. Klenke, Riikka Paloniemi, Yoni Gavish, Charles J. Marsh, William E. Kunin, Klaus Henle

Chapter II Scaling of anthropogenic and natural drivers of biodiversity
25 Conceptual framework and typology of drivers
Pascal Marty, Jonathan Daeden, Raph aelle Mouttet, Ioannis N Vogiatzakis, Raphael Mathevet, Simon G.Potts, Joseph Tzanopoulos
31 Scaling of drivers of change across administrative levels
Joseph Tzanopoulos, Raph aelle Mouttet, Aurelien Letourneau, Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis, Simon G. Potts, Klaus Henle, Raph ael Mathevet, Pascal Marty
37 Scaling of habitat loss in Natura 2000 network
Konstantinos Touloumis, John D. Pantis
41 Fragmentation across spatial scales
Anna V. Scott, Konstantinos Touloumis, Veiko Lehsten, Joseph Tzanopoulos, Simon G. Potts
47 European projections of habitats and carbon stocks: Negative effects of climate and positive effects of CO2 changes dominate, but land use is also of importance
Veiko Lehsten, Anna V. Scott

Chapter III Scaling of biodiversity patterns and processes
55 The scaling of genetic diversity in a changing and fragmented world
Miguel Arenas, Stefano Mona, Audrey Trochet, Anna Sramkova Hanulova, Mathias Currat, Nicolas Ray, Lounes Chikhi, Rita Rasteiro, Dirk S. Schmeller, Laurent Excoffier
61 Population viability: On the move from small to large scales and from single to multiple species
Guy Pe’er, Viktoriia Radchuk, Katy Thompson, Mariana A. Tsianou, Kamila W. Franz, Yiannis G. Matsinos, Klaus Henle
66 Scaling communities and biodiversity
David Storch, Petr Keil, William E. Kunin
78 Scaling of biodiversity change caused by land-use change
Riccardo Bommarco, Lorenzo Marini
83 The interface between conservation areas and agriculture: Functional spill-over and ecosystem services
Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Riccardo Bommarco, Andrea Holzschuh, Erik Ockinger, Simon G. Potts, Verena Riedinger, Gudrun Schneider, Jochen Krauss
90 Conserving different kinds of biodiversity in different sorts of landscapes
Charles J. Marsh, Richard M. Gunton, William E. Kunin

Chapter IV Methods and tools
97 Determining responsibilities to prioritize conservation actions across scales
Dirk S. Schmeller, Yu-Pin Lin, Tzung-Su Ding, Reinhard Klenke, Douglas Evans, Klaus Henle
100 A GIS- based spatiotemporal modeling with Bayesian maximum entropy method
Hwa-Lung Yu, Shang-Chen Ku, Alexander Kolovos
104 Downscaling climate data to predict species’ ranges
Richard M. Gunton, Veiko Lehsten, William E. Kunin
108 Connectivity: Beyond corridors
Guy Pe’er, Andreas Schmitz, Yiannis G. Matsinos, Lucia Schober, Reinhard A. Klenke, Klaus Henle

Chapter V Scaling in policies and management
115 Systematic site selections beyond Natura 2000
Raph ael Mathevet, Pascal Marty, Jukka Simila, Riikka Paloniemi
119 Governance of network of protected areas. Innovative solutions and instruments
Malgorzata Grodzinska-Jurczak, Agata Pietrzyk- Kaszynska, Joanna Cent, Anna V. Scott, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, Riikka Paloniemi
124 Ecological fiscal transfers: A policy response to local conservation challenges
Rui Santos, Irene Ring, Paula Antunes, Pedro Clemente, Thais Ribas
128 EU Green Infrastructure: Opportunities and the need for addressing scales
Marianne Kettunen, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, Dimitris Bormpoudakis, Joanna Cent, Aurelien Letourneau, Miska Koivulehto, Riikka Paloniemi, Malgorzata Grodzinska-Jurczak, Raph ael Mathevet, Anna V. Scott, Suvi Borgstrom
133 Conservation strategies across spatial scales
Szabolcs Lengyel, Beatrix Kosztyi, Tamas B. Olvedi, Richard M. Gunton, William E. Kunin, Dirk S. Schmeller, Klaus Henle
137 Biodiversity monitoring and policy instruments: Trends, gaps and new developments
Beatrix Kosztyi, Klaus Henle, Szabolcs Lengyel
142 Biodiversity monitoring and EU policy
Andrew McConville, Ceri Margerison, Caitlin McCormack, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, Joanna Cent, Miska Koivulehto

Chapter VI Case studies and integration
149 Spatial data standardization across Europe: An exemplary tale from the SCALES project
Konstantinos Touloumis, John D. Pantis
152 An optimal spatial sampling approach for modelling the distribution of species
Yu- Pin Lin, Wei-Chih Lin, Yung-Chieh Wang, Wan-Yu Lien, Tzung-Su Ding, Pei-Fen Lee, Tsai-Yu Wu, Reinhard A. Klenke, Dirk S. Schmeller, Klaus Henle
156 Climate and land-use change affecting ecological network efficiency: The case of the European grasslands
Alexandra D. Papanikolaou, Athanasios S. Kallimanis, Klaus Henle, Veiko Lehsten, Guy Pe’er, John D. Pantis, Antonios D. Mazaris
161 The importance of connectivity for agri-environment schemes
Anni Arponen, Risto Heikkinen, Riikka Paloniemi, Juha Poyry, Jukka Simila, Mikko Kuussaari
167 Stay in contact: Practical assessment, maintenance, and re-establishment of regional connectivity
Reinhard A. Klenke, Yorgos Mertzanis, Alexandra D. Papanikolaou, Anni Arponen, Antonios D. Mazaris
173 Evaluation of policy instruments in promoting ecological connectivity
Riikka Paloniemi, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, Joanna Cent, Dimitris Bormpoudakis, Anna Salomaa, Mariana A. Tsianou, Marcin Rechcinski, Malgorzata Grodzinska-Jurczak, John D. Pantis
180 Legitimacy of site selection processes across Europe: Social construction of legitimacy in three European countries
Joanna Cent, Malgorzata Grodzinska-Jurczak, Agata Pietrzyk-Kaszynska, Riikka Paloniemi, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, Anna Salomaa, Mariana A. Tsianou, Jukka Simila, John D. Pantis
186 SCALETOOL: An online dissemination and decision support tool for scaling issues in nature conservation
Klaus Henle, Vesna Grobelnik, Annegret Grimm, Lyubomir Penev, Reinhard A. Klenke, Erik Framstad

Chapter VII Conclusions
193 Lessons learned
Klaus Henle, Simon G. Potts, Anna V. Scott, William E. Kunin, Richard M. Gunton, Dirk S. Schmeller, Yiannis G. Matsinos, Jukka Simila, John D. Pantis, Antonios D. Mazaris, Vesna Grobelnik, Annegret Grimm, Lyubomir Penev, Reinhard Klenke, Josef Settele

201 List of contributors

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