This book contains in-depth information on the state of Similipal forest in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha, based on nearly a decade of hands-on experience managing this forest by the author. The text is organised into seven chapters: introductory, the ﬂora, the fauna, the people, management issues, the corridor, and the epilogue. There is a sizeable number of references to various publications and websites. A list of 1359 species of plants found in Similipal has been appended, as also the list of species among them which have medicinal applications. Further 141 species of lichens, 33 species of bryophytes, and 19 species of corticolous algae have been added. A checklist of 60 species of mammals, 385 species of birds, 23 species of amphibians, 70 species of reptiles, 66 species of ﬁshes, and 133 invertebrates of these forests is also appended which will prove to be a standard source of reference.