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Seismic Inverse Q Filtering

By: Yanghua Wang(Author)

248 pages, colour & b/w illustrations


Hardback | Apr 2008 | #231188 | ISBN-13: 9781405185400
Availability: Usually dispatched within 4 days Details
NHBS Price: £124.00 $162/€141 approx

About this book

Seismic inverse Q filtering is a data processing technology for enhancing the resolution of seismic images. It employs a wave propagation reversal procedure that compensates for energy absorption and corrects wavelet distortion due to velocity dispersion. By compensating for amplitude attenuation, seismic data can provide true relative-amplitude information for amplitude inversion and subsequent reservoir characterization. By correcting the phase distortion, seismic data with enhanced vertical resolution can yield correct timings for lithological identification.

Seismic Inverse Q Filtering presents the theory of inverse Q filtering and a series of algorithms, collected with the following selection criteria in mind: robustness, effectiveness and practicality.

Seismic Inverse Q Filtering is written for processing geophysicists who are attempting to improve the quality of seismic data in terms of resolution and signal-to-noise ratio, as well as for reservoir geophysicists who are concerned about seismic fidelity in terms of true amplitudes, true timings and true frequencies. It will also be particularly valuable as a guide for seasoned geophysicists who are attempting to develop seismic software for various research settings. Finally, it can be used as a reference work or textbook for postgraduate students in seismic and reservoir geophysics.

"In conclusion, this very nice and readable book does fulfill its stated aims, and contains a vast amount of useful, well-presented material that will surely be of immense value to the practitioner."
Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2011



1. Introduction to inverse Q filtering
1.1 The earth Q effect on seismic waves
1.2 Inverse Q filters
1.3 The effectiveness of inverse Q filtering

Part I: Mathematical Q models
2. Kolsky's model for seismic attenuation and dispersion
2.1 Kolsky's attenuation-dispersion model
2.2 Modification to the Kolsky model
2.3 Accurate velocity dispersion correction
2.4 Comparison with different Q models

3. Mathematical definition of the earth Q models
3.1 Mathematical definition of Q
3.2 Kolsky's Q model and the complex wavenumber
3.3 The Strick–Azimi Q model
3.4 Kjartansson's constant-Q model
3.5 Azimi's second and third Q models
3.6 Müller's Q model
3.7 The Zener or standard linear solid model
3.8 The Cole–Cole Q model
3.9 A general linear model

Part II: Inverse Q filters
4. Stabilized inverse Q filtering algorithm
4.1 Basics of inverse Q filtering
4.2 Numerical instability of inverse Q filtering
4.3 Stabilized inverse Q filter
4.4 Comparison with gain-limited inverse Q filter
4.5 Comparison with a conventional inverse Q filter
4.6 Synthetic and real data examples

5. Inverse Q filtering for phase and amplitude separately
5.1 Phase-only inverse Q filtering
5.2 Amplitude-only inverse Q filtering
5.3 Forward Q filtering
5.4 Summary of inverse and forward Q filters by downward continuation
5.5 Different stabilization schemes

6. Layered implementation of inverse Q filters
6.1 The layered approach to inverse Q filtering
6.2 Inverse Q filtering within a constant-Q layer
6.3 Phase- or amplitude-only inverse Q filtering
6.4 Forward Q filtering
6.5 Application of layered inverse Q filtering

7. Inverse Q filtering in the Gabor transform domain
7.1 Stabilized inverse Q filter
7.2 The Gabor transform
7.3 Inverse Q filtering by Gabor transform
7.4 Forward Q filtering by Gabor transform
7.5 An empirical formula for the stabilization factor

8. The effectiveness of stabilized inverse Q filtering
8.1 Inverse Q filtering of a land seismic section
8.2 Flattening the amplitude spectrum and strengthening the relative amplitude
8.3 Increasing the spectral bandwidth
8.4 Improving the signal-to-noise ratio
8.5 Enhancing seismic resolution
8.6 Sensitivity of the resolution enhancement to Q values

9. Migration with inverse Q filtering
9.1 Inverse Q filtered migration in the wave number frequency domain
9.2 Stabilized migration with lateral variation in velocity and Q models
9.3 The implicit finite-difference extrapolator in the space frequency domain
9.4 Migration examples

Part III: Q estimation
10. Q estimation from vertical seismic profiling data
10.1 The attenuation effect on VSP waveform
10.2 Spectral ratio method for Q estimation
10.3 The multitaper technique for spectral estimation
10.4 Robust Q estimation from real VSP data

11. Q analysis from reflection seismic data
11.1 Q analysis based on amplitude attenuation
11.2 Q analysis based on amplitude compensation
11.3 Interval-Q calculation by linear inversion
11.4 Q analyses on the P-P and P-SV wave sections

12. Crosshole seismic tomography for the Q model
12.1 Inverse theory for waveform tomography
12.2 Issues in real data application
12.3 Waveform inversion for the velocity model
12.4 Waveform tomography for the attenuation model

Author index
Subject index

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Professor Yanghua Wang is Director of the Centre for Reservoir Geophysics, Imperial College London. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (FIntP) and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society (FRAS). He is also a founding editor of the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, and received the Bonarelli Award (2005) from the European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers.

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