Serengeti National Park is one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, a natural laboratory for ecology, evolution, and conservation, with a history that dates back at least four million years to the beginnings of human evolution. The third book of a ground- breaking series, Serengeti III is the result of a long-term integrated research project that documents changes to this unique ecosystem every ten years.
Bringing together researchers from a wide range of disciplines-ecologists, paleontologists, economists, social scientists, mathematicians, and disease specialists- Serengeti III focuses on the interactions between the natural system and the human-dominated agricultural system. By examining how changes in rainfall, wildebeest numbers, commodity prices, and human populations have impacted the Serengeti ecosystem, the authors conclude that changes in the natural system have affected human welfare just as changes in the human system have impacted the natural world. To promote both the conservation of biota and the sustainability of human welfare, the authors recommend community-based conservation and protected-area conservation.
Serengeti III presents a timely and provocative look at the conservation status of one of earth's most renowned ecosystems.
"This book builds on the previous two volumes on the Serengeti ecosystem. The first volume, Serengeti: The Dynamics of an Ecosystem synthesizes the previous twenty years of research on herbivore-carnivore population dynamics and vegetation-herbivore systems. The second, Serengeti II updates information on ecosystem dynamics, conservation, and changes brought about by a growing population of pastoralists and agriculturalists surrounding the Serengeti. Serengeti III focuses on major changes taking place in this ecosystem and their impact on the future, intensified by the growing human population near the protected area. In sixteen multiauthored chapters, ecologists, paleontologists, epidemiologists, economists, social scientists, and mathematicians report on a program that integrates socioeconomic research and decision making with ecological research. The goal is to develop a better understanding of the feedback loop between natural and human components of the Serengeti ecosystem. This work is best studied in the context of the other two volumes. The three together provide an unparalleled long-term study of natural and anthropogenic changes to a large, intact ecosystem and offer approaches to conservation. A critical addition to the conservation biology library [...] Essential."
"This book illustrates the complexity of the challenges ahead for the Serengeti ecosystem, as well as the need for integrative, multidisciplinary approaches."
- Nathalie Pettorelli, Ecoscience
"An important extension of previous volumes and a valuable case study in community-based conservation."
- Ian Powell, Biologist
"Serengeti III's value lies in its extensive coverage of the ecosystem processes, providing the background for conservation planning and management [...] A valuable and important reference for students, scientists and managers in landscape ecology, park management, rangeland management, wildlife conservation, and social ecology."
- W.G. Doerrgeloh, Integrative and Comparative Biology
"Serengeti III belongs on the shelves of any ecological research or teaching library in the world, and in the private collections of all those who have a more than passing interest in African ecology."
- African Zoology
"The book brings much new material and novel analyses, particularly modeling expertise, to build on existing work. It also heralds a change of emphasis [...] This is in recognition that in order to understand the changes Serengeti has seen and its different possible futures, it is necessary to move on from the biophysical 'hard' science to the difficult science of social, economic and political drivers. This is an exciting and groundbreaking move [...] I am already looking forward to Serengeti IV."
- Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice
Preface and Acknowledgements
1. Introduction: Understanding the greater Serengeti Ecosystem
Craig Packer and Stephen Polaski
2. Historical and Future Changes to the Serengeti Ecosystem
A. R. E. Sinclair, J. Grant C. Hopcraft, Han Olff, Simon A. R. Mduma, Kathleen A. Galvin, and Gregory J. Sharam
3. Paleoecology of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem
Charles R. Peters, Robert J. Blumenschine, Richard L. Hay, Daniel A. Livingstone, Curtis W. Marean, Terry Harrison, Miranda Armour-Chelu, Peter Andrews, Raymond L. Bernor, Raymond Bonnefille, and Lars Werdelin
4. The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction
Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft
5. Generation and Maintenence of Heterogeneity in the Serengeti Ecosystem
T. Michael Anderson, Jan Dempewolf, Kristine L. Metzger, Denné N. Reed, and Suzanne Serneels
6. Gobal Environmental Changes and Teir Impact on the Serengeti
Mark E. Ritchie
7. The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem
Sarah Cleaveland, Craig Packer, Katie Hampson, Magai Kaare, Richard Kock, Meggan Craft, Tiziana Limbo, Titus Mlengeya, and Andy Dobson
8. Reticulate Food Webs in in Space and Time: Messages from the Serengeti
Robert D. Holt, Peter A. Abrams, John M. Fryxell, and T. Kimbrell
9. Spatial Dynamics and Coexistance of the Serengeti Grazer Community
John M. Fryxell, Peter A. Abrams, Robert D. Holt, John F. Wilmshurst, A. R. E. Sinclair, and Ray Hilborn
10. Dynamic Consequences of Human Behavior in in the Serengeti Ecosystem
Christopher Costello, Nicholas Burger, Kathleen A. Galvin, Ray Hilborn, and Stephen Polasky
11. Human Response to Change: Modeling Household Decision Making in Western Serengeti
Kathleen A. Galvin, Steven Polasky, Christopher Costello, and Martin Loibooki
12. Larger Scale Influences on the Serengeti Ecosystem: National and International Policy, Economics, and Human Demography
Stephen Polasky, Jennifer Schmitt, Christopher Costello, Liaila Tajibaeva
13. Land-Use Economics in the Mara Area of the Serengeti Ecosystem
Mike Norton-Griffiths, Mohammed Y. Said, Suzanne Serneels, Dixon S. Kaelo, Mike Coughenour, Richard H. Lamprey, D. Michael Thompson, and Robin S. Reid
14. Propagation of Change Through a Complex Ecosystem
Ray Hilborn,A. R. E. Sinclair, and John M. Fryxell
15. Who Pays For Conservation? Current and Future Financing Scenarios for the Serengeti Ecosystem
Simon Thurgood, Charles Mlingwa, Emmanuel Gereta, Victor Runyoro, Rob Malpas, Karen Laurenson, and Markus Borner
16. Integrating Conservation in Human and Natural Ecosystems
A. R. E. Sinclair
Appendix: The Main Herbivorous Mammals and Crocodiles in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem
Simon A. R. Mduma and J. Grant C. Hopcraft
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A. R. E. Sinclair is professor in the Biodiversity Research Centre at the University of British Columbia. Craig Packer is professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota. Simon A. R. Mduma is director of the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute. John M. Fryxell is professor of integrative biology at the University of Guelph.