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About this book
About this book
Conflict between males and females over reproduction is ubiquitous in nature due to fundamental differences between the sexes in reproductive rates and investment in offspring. In only a few species, however, do males strategically employ violence to control female sexuality. Why are so many of these primates? Why are females routinely abused in some species, but never in others? And can the study of such unpleasant behavior by our closest relatives help us to understand the evolution of men's violence against women?
In the first systematic attempt to assess and understand primate male aggression as an expression of sexual conflict, the contributors to this volume consider coercion in direct and indirect forms: direct, in overcoming female resistance to mating; indirect, in decreasing the chance the female will mate with other males. The book presents extensive field research and analysis to evaluate the form of sexual coercion in a range of species - including all of the great apes and humans - and to clarify its role in shaping social relationships among males, among females, and between the sexes.
Introduction and Theory * Male Aggression and Sexual Coercion of Females in Primates Martin N. Muller, Sonya M. Kahlenberg and Richard W. Wrangham * Evolution of Sexual Coercion with Respect to Sexual Selection and Sexual Conflict Theory Jana J. Watson-Capps * Inter-Sexual Conflict in Primates: Infanticide, Paternity Allocation, and the Role of Coercion Parry Clarke, Gauri Pradhan and Carel van Schaik Sexual Coercion and Mate Guarding in Non-Human Primates * Orangutans: Sexual Coercion Without Sexual Violence Cheryl Knott * Male Aggression Against Females in Mountain Gorillas: Courtship or Coercion? Martha Robbins * The Causes and Consequences of Male Aggression Directed at Female Chacma Baboons Dawn M. Kitchen, Jacinta C. Beehner, Thore J. Bergman, Dorothy L. Cheney, Catherine Crockford, Anne L. Engh, Julia Fischer, Robert M. Seyfarth and Roman M. Wittig * Female-Directed Aggression and Social Control in Spider Monkeys Andres Link, Anthony Di Fiore and Stephanie N. Spehar * Male Aggression Against Females and Sexual Coercion in Chimpanzees Martin N. Muller, Sonya M. Kahlenberg and Richard W. Wrangham * Sexual Coercion in Dolphin Consortships: a Comparison with Chimpanzees Richard C. Connor and Nicole L. Vollmer * Male Aggression toward Females in Hamadryas Baboons: Conditioning, Coercion, and Control Larissa Swedell and Amy Schreier Sexual Coercion and Mate Guarding in Humans * Coercive Violence by Human Males Against Their Female Partners Margo Wilson and Martin Daly * The Political Significance of Gender Violence Lars Rodseth and Shannon Novak * Intimate Wounds: Cranio-Facial Trauma in Women and Female Chimpanzees Shannon Novak and Mallorie Hatch * Human Rape: Revising Evolutionary Perspectives Melissa Emery Thompson Female Counterstrategies *"Friendship" with Males: A Female Counterstrategy to Infanticide in Chacma Baboons of the Okavango Delta Ryne Palombit * The Absence of Sexual Coercion in Bonobos Tommaso Paoli * Sexual Coercion, Patriarchal Violence and Law Diane L. Rosenfeld Summary and Conclusions * Sexual Coercion in Humans and Other Primates: The Road Ahead Richard W. Wrangham and Martin N. Muller * List of Contributors * Index
Martin N. Muller is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico. Richard W. Wrangham is Ruth Moore Professor of Anthropology at Harvard University.
483 pages, 24 halftones, 56 line illustrations, 20 tables
This book makes an important contribution to the fields of primatology, behavioral ecology, evolutionary psychology, and potentially even cultural anthropology...Its strength lies in the many chapters presenting findings from studies on a wide range of primate species, including orangutans, mountain gorillas, baboons, spider monkeys, and chimpanzees. What makes these chapters particularly valuable is that nearly all of them provide a superb discussion of the literature on other species, from dolphins to invertebrates, needed to situate the findings of each chapter within a larger comparative context. This makes the book of great potential value, even to researchers who study species that are not the explicit subject of this book. -- Craig Palmer Evolutionary Psychology 20091201 Is sexual coercion important enough to warrant its designation as a distinct sexually selected trait? Yes. If you doubt the power and potential significance of male aggression toward females, read the accounts in this volume. -- Susan Alberts Quarterly Review of Biology 20091201 The science that allows us to understand sexual coercion by males is drawn directly from Darwin's own work on sexual selection. There is, however, another layer here, because of course one cannot talk about the evolution of sexual aggression in male primates without pondering the social consequences of the same behavior in our own species. Are domestic violence and sexual assault simply human homologues of the same conduct seen in chimpanzees and baboons? Many social scientists bristle at this suggestion, with its invocation of biological determinism. This volume's authors, many of them female researchers, do an excellent job of sensitively exploring the boundary between phenotype and environment that is the stuff of which human behavior is made...The editors of this volume deserve high praise for having avoided the weaknesses to which such collections are prone--the book is uniform in tone, and the papers are all of high quality. There are no polemical rantings here, nor are the contributors concerned with political correctness; the empirical evidence is what matters to them, and their analysis of it is perceptive and nuanced...Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans is an important work and will be a valuable addition to the bookshelves of specialists and nonspecialists alike. -- Craig Stanford American Scientist 20091101