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About this book
About this book
Shaping Primate Evolution is an edited collection of papers about how biological form is described in primate biology, and the consequences of form for function and behavior. The contributors are highly regarded internationally recognized scholars in the field of quantitative primate evolutionary morphology. Each chapter elaborates upon the analysis of the form-function-behavior triad in a unique and compelling way. This book is distinctive not only in the diversity of the topics discussed, but also in the range of levels of biological organization that are addressed from cellular morphometrics to the evolution of primate ecology.
The book is dedicated to Charles E. Oxnard, whose influential pioneering work on innovative metric and analytic techniques has gone hand-in-hand with meticulous comparative functional analyses of primate anatomy. Through the marriage of theory with analytical applications, this volume will be an important reference work for all those interested in primate functional morphology.
Preface - shaping primate evolution Fred Anapol, Rebecca Z. German and Nina G. Jablonski; 1. Introduction - Charles Oxnard: an appreciation Matt Cartmill; Part I. Craniofacial Form and Variation: 2. The ontogeny of sexual dimorphism Rebecca Z. German; 3. Advances in the analysis of form and pattern Paul O'Higgins and Ruilang L. Pan; 4. Cranial variation among the Asian Colobines Ruilang L. Pan and Colin P. Groves; 5. Craniometric variation in Early Homo compared to Modern Gorillas Joseph M. A. Miller, Gene H. Albrecht and Bruce Gelvin; Part II. Organ Structure, Function and Behavior: 6. Fiber architecture, muscle function and behavior Fred Anapol, Nazima Shahnoor and J. Patrick Gray; 7. Comparative fiber type composition and size in the antigravity muscles of primate limbs Francoise K. Jouffroy and Monique F. Medina; 8. On the nature of morphology Robert S. Kidd; 9. Plant mechanics and primate dental adaptations Peter W. Lucas; 10. Convergent evolution in brain 'shape' and locomotion in primates Willem de Winter; Part III. In Vivo Organismal Verification of Functional Models: 11. Jaw adductor force and symphyseal fusion William L. Hylander, Christopher J. Vinyard, Matthew J. Ravosa, Callum F. Ross, Christine E. Wall and Kirk R. Johnson; 12. Hind limb drive, hind limb steering? Functional differences between fore and hind limbs in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) quadrupedalism Yu Li, Robin H. Crompton, Weijie Wang, Russell Savage and Michael M. Gunther; Part IV. Theoretical Models in Evolutionary Ecology: 13. Becoming bipedal Nina G. Jablonski and George Chaplin; 14. Modelling human walking as an inverted pendulum of varying length Jack T. Stern Jr, Brigitte Demes and D. Casey Kerrigan; 15. Estimating the line-of-action of posteriorly inclined resultant jaw muscle forces in mammals using a model that minimizes functionally important distances in the skull Walter S. Greaves; Part V. Primate Diversity and Evolution: 16. The evolution of primate ecology John G. Fleagle and Kaye E. Reed; 17. Charles Oxnard and the aye-aye: morphometrics, cladistics and two very special primates Colin P. Groves; 18. From 'Mathematical Dissection of Anatomies' to morphometrics Fred L. Bookstein and F. James Rohlf; 19. Design, level, interface and complexity: morphometric interpretation revisited Charles E. Oxnard; 20. Postscript and acknowledgements Charles E. Oxnard.
Fred Anapol is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Biological Science (adjunct) at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Rebecca Z. German is Professor of Biological Sciences and Pediatrics at the University of Cincinnati. Nina G. Jablonski is Irvine Chair and Curator of Anthropology at the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
426 pages, 9 b/w illus, 97 line diags, 39 tabs
'... no scientist has palyed a more vital role to the development of this field than Professor Charles Oxnard. ... a timely contribution to a field that has recently undergone vast methodological upheavals ... will be of particular interest to scholars of functional anatomy, primate and human evolution, and systematics. ... each section is elegantly introduced ... this book is an apt credit to the life-long work of Chalres Oxnard; it has served the difficult task of commemorating the many research interests of one of the most notable contributors to biological anthropology.' Journal of Biological Science