Small firms - including "microenterprises" and "small and medium enterprises" (SMEs) - play a vital economic role in developing countries. They typically provide half of all jobs. In addition, they foster entrepreneurship and help key sectors adapt to changing market conditions. In light of these benefits, programs promoting small firms have become a cornerstone of economic development policy. Increasingly, however, scholars and policymakers are also exploring the link between small firms and the environment.
The first compendium of research and policy analysis on this topic, this book is organized around three questions: how important is small firm pollution? Will forcing small firms to comply with environmental regulations exacerbate unemployment and poverty? And, what policy options are available to control small firm pollution? Eleven case studies from China, Ecuador, Honduras, India, Malaysia, and Mexico address these questions. They compare the environmental damages caused by small firms and large ones. They explore the positive and negative economic consequences of pollution control strategies focusing on small firms, the administrative challenges of regulating thousands of firms that are often unregistered and unknown to the government, and they describe innovative approaches for persuading small firms to implement effective pollution controls.
Highly readable, "Small Firms and the Environment in Developing Countries" is a valuable text for courses in development policy and economics that have an environmental component or focus. It will also prove of interest to development workers, policymakers in developing countries, and students and scholars of environmental policy and law.