The ongoing debate concerning the Amazon's crucial role in global climate and biodiversity is entirely dependent upon sustainable development in the region. Recognizing that forests are an integral part of the social fabric in the region, initiatives such as community forestry, small-scale tree plantations and agroforestry, as well as payments for environmental services have aimed at conserving the natural forest landscape. At the same time these attempt to protect and enhance the well-being of poor local smallholders including indigenous groups, traditional communities and small farmers.
Against this background, Smallholders, Forest Management and Rural Development in the Amazon analyses numerous promising local tree and forest management initiatives taken by smallholders in the Bolivian, Brazilian, Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazon to better understand the key success factors. The insights gained from more than 100 case studies analyzed by researchers from Latin-America and Europe in cooperation with local stakeholders reveal the need for critical reflection on the initiatives targeting poor Amazonian families.
Smallholders, Forest Management and Rural Development in the Amazon discusses an operational vision of rural development grounded on the effective use of smallholders' capacities to contribute to a sustainable and equitable development of the region. It provides helpful information and ideas not only for scientists, but also for development organisations, decision makers and all who are interested in one of the major challenges facing the Amazon: to combine equitable development with the conservation of its unique ecosystems.
Foreword by Imme Scholz
1. The Forlive Project
2. Smallholders' Actions and Activities
3. The Potential of Smallholders to Create a Stable Landscape
4. Marginalization of Smallholder
5. The Challenge of Supporting the Smallholders
6. Experiences with Local Development Initiatives
7. Barriers to Equitable Local Development
8. Rural Development Rooted in Local Culture: Proposals for Action
Benno Pokorny is an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Silviculture, Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences, Freiburg University Germany. Previously he was a researcher at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), based in Belem, Brazil.