445 pages, 25 colour & 13 b/w illustrations, 21 tables
Soil is the most important natural non-renewable resource developed over a longer period of time due to weathering of rocks and subsequently enrichment of organic matter. Soil provides habitat for numerous microorganisms and serves as a natural medium for plant growth, thereby providing the plants with anchorage, nutrients and water to sustain the growth. Soil also serves as a universal sink for all types of pollutants, purifies ground water and is a major reserve of carbon in the universe. The role of soils to provide ecosystem services, maintenance of environmental/human health and ensuring the food security makes it as the most important and basic natural resource. Soil Science helps us to elaborate and understand how the soils provide all these services. Soil Science also provides us the basic knowledge dealing with the origin of the soil parent material, weathering of parent material and the formation of soils, morphological, physico-chemical and biological features of soils, classification of soils and role of soils in the provision and maintenance of ecosystem services, food security and environmental quality. Soil Science encompasses the various processes, functions and behaviour of soils very comprehensively to acquaint the students of soil, plant and environmental sciences about their role to perform different agricultural and environmental functions.
Chapter 1: An Appraisal of Conservation Tillage on the Soil Physical Properties; Sartaj Ahmad Wani, M. Nayeem Sofi, Mohmad Ramzan and Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter 2: Degraded soils: Origin, types and management; Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Saifullah, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Fatima Akmal and Hinnan Khalid
Chapter 3: Nitrogen Management in Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Salt-Affected Soils; Behzad Murtaza, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Sabir, Muhammad Amjad, Muhammad Imran
Chapter 4: Management of Acid Sulfate Soils for sustainable rice cultivation in Malaysia; Qurban Ali Panhwar, Umme Aminun Naher, Jusop Shamshuddin, Othman Radziah, Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter 5: Petroleum hydrocarbons-contaminated soils: Remediation approaches; Hafiz Naeem Asghar, Hafiz Muhammad Rafique, Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Muhammad Yahya Khan, Muhammad Javed Akhtar, Muhammad Naveed and Muhammad Saleem
Chapter 6: Environmental Impacts of Nitrogen Use in Agriculture, Nitrate Leaching and Mitigation Strategies; Sadia Bibi, Saifullah, Asif Naeem, and Saad Dahlawi
Chapter 7: Potassium for Sustainable Agriculture; Abdul Wakeel, Mehreen Gul and Christian Zorb
Chapter 8: Weathering and Approaches to Evaluation of Weathering Indices for Soil Profile Studies - An Overview; Sartaj Wani, G. R Najar, Tahir Ali, Mohmad Ramzan Mir, Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter 9: Pesticides Pollution in Agricultural Soils of Pakistan; Muhammad Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, Sana Khalid, Hafiz Faiq Siddique, Muhammad Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Rizwan Ashraf, Muhammad Sabir, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Muhammad Bilal, Syed Tatheer Alam Naqvi, Irshad Bibi, Eric Pinelli
Chapter 10: Iron Biofortification of Cereals Grown under Calcareous Soils: Problems and Solutions; Pia Muhammad Adnan Ramzani, Muhammad Khalid, Muhammad Naveed, Ayesha Erum and Waqas-ul-Din Khan
Chapter 11: Boron Toxicity in Salt-Affected Soils and Effects on Plants; Tayyaba Naz, Javaid Akhtar, Muhammad Mazhar Iqbal, Muhammad Anwar ul Haq, Muhammad Saqib
Chapter 12: Silicon: a beneficial nutrient under salt stress, its uptake mechanism and mode of action; Waqas-l-Din Khan, Tariq Aziz, Muhammad Aamer Maqsood, M. Sabir, Hamaad Raza Ahmad, Pia Adnan Ramzani and M. Naseem
Chapter 13: Soil Micro Flora- An Extensive Research; Sameen Ruqia Imadi, Mustafeez Mujtaba Babar, Humna Hasan, Alvina Gul
Chapter 14: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Boon for Plant Nutrition and Soil Health; Mehraj ud din Khanday, Rouf Ahmad Bhat, Shamsul Haq, Moonisa Aslam Dervash, Asma Absar Bhatti, Mehru Nissa and Mohd Ramzan Mir
Chapter 15: Azotobacter chroococcum - Potential Biofertilizer in Agriculture: An Overview; Sartaj, A. Wani, Subhash Chand, Tahir Ali, M. Nayeem Sofi, Mohmad Ramzan Mir and Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter 16: Sources and Composition of Waste Water: Threats to Plants and Soil Health; Hamaad Raza Ahmad, Tariq Aziz, Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Sabir and Hinnan Khalid
Chapter 17: Soil Amendments for Heavy Metal Immobilization Using Different Crops; Mahar Amanullah, Amjad Ali, Wang Ping, Li Ronghua,Zhang Zengqiang, Munir Ozturk
Chapter 18: Climate Change: Impacts on Carbon Sequestration, Biodiversity and Agriculture; Zulfiqar Ahmadand Shermeen Tahir
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Dr Khalid Rehman Hakeem (PhD) is working as a Fellow Researcher at the Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and also a Visiting Professor at Fatih University, Istanbul, Turkey. He has obtained his MSc. (Environmental Botany) as well as PhD (Botany) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India in 2006 and 2011 respectively. He has conducted his Post-Doctorate research in the fields of Forest Dynamics and Plant Biotechnological studies from University Putra Malaysia from 2012-2013. Dr Hakeem has more than 9 years of teaching and research experience in Plant Eco-Physiology, Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, Plant-Microbe-Soil interactions as well as in Environmental Sciences. A recipient of several fellowships at both national and international levels, Dr Hakeem has so far edited and authored more than 16 books with international publishers, as well as more than 70 research publications in peer reviewed international journals, including 30 book chapters with international publishers. He is also an editorial board member and reviewer of several high impact international journals. Dr Hakeem is currently engaged in studying the plant processes at ecophysiological as well as proteomic levels.
Dr. Javaid Akhtar (PhD) is working as a Professor of Soil Science, Director of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and Officer In-charge, Saline Agriculture Research Center, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. He has obtained his MSc. (Hons) in Soil Science as well as PhD (Soil Science) from University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan in 1986 and 1995, respectively. Dr Akhtar has more than 25 years of teaching and research experience in Soil Science and Saline Agriculture. Prof. Akhtar has also to his credit more than 100 research publications in peer reviewed international journals, including 5 book chapters with international publishers and has edited 2 books with international publishers. He has supervised 12 PhD and 70 MSc (Hons) students. He is also a regular recipient of research productivity award from Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt of Pakistan for his highly valuable research contributions. He has been awarded the Endeavour Executive Award for 2010 by Govt of Australia, XIIIth STARS Award 2002 by South Asia Publications.
Dr. Muhammad Sabir (PhD) is working as an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. He has obtained his M.Sc. (Hons.) and PhD in Soil Science from University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan in 2002 and 2009, respectively. He worked as Post-Doctorate Research Fellow at Institute of Tropical Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia and University of Western Australia, Perth during the years 2012 and 2013, respectively. Dr Sabir has more than 12 years of teaching and research experience in Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Remediation of Degraded Soil and Water Resources. Dr Sabir has co-authored two books and has edited one book published by national and international publishers. He has also to his credit more than 30 research publications in peer reviewed international journals, including 10 book chapters with international publishers.