About this book
Source-sink theories provide a simple yet powerful framework for understanding how the patterns, processes and dynamics of ecological systems vary and interact over space and time. Integrating multiple research fields, including population biology and landscape ecology, this book presents the latest advances in source-sink theories, methods and applications in the conservation and management of natural resources and biodiversity.
The interdisciplinary team of authors uses detailed case studies, innovative field experiments and modeling, and comprehensive syntheses to incorporate source-sink ideas into research and management, and explores how sustainability can be achieved in today's increasingly fragile human-dominated ecosystems. Providing a comprehensive picture of source-sink research as well as tangible applications to real world conservation issues, this book is ideal for graduate students, researchers, natural-resource managers and policy makers.
Preface; Acknowledgements; List of contributors; Part I. Introduction: 1. Impact of a classic paper by H. Ronald Pulliam: the first 20 years Vanessa Hull, Anita T. Morzillo and Jianguo Liu; Part II. Advances in Source-Sink Theory: 2. Evolution in source-sink environments: implications for niche conservatism Robert D. Holt; 3. Source-sink dynamics emerging from unstable ideal-free habitat selection Douglas W. Morris; 4. Sources and sinks in the evolution and persistence of mutualisms Craig W. Benkman and Adam M. Siepielski; 5. Effects of climate change on dynamics and stability of multiregional populations Mark C. Andersen; 6. Habitat quality, niche breadth, temporal stochasticity, and the persistence of populations in heterogeneous landscapes Scott M. Pearson and Jennifer M. Fraterrigo; 7. When sinks rescue sources in dynamic environments Matthew R. Falcy and Brent J. Danielson; 8. Sinks, sustainability, and conservation incentives Alessandro Gimona, Gary Polhill and Ben Davies; Part III. Progress in Source-Sink Methodology: 9. On estimating demographic and dispersal parameters for niche and source-sink models H. Ronald Pulliam, John M. Drake and Juliet R. C. Pulliam; 10. Source-sink status of small and large wetland fragments and growth rate of a population network Gilberto Pasinelli, Jonathan P. Runge and Karin Schiegg; 11. Demographic and dispersal data from anthropogenic grasslands: what should we measure? John B. Dunning, Jr, Daniel M. Scheiman and Alexandra Houston; 12. Network analysis: a tool for studying the connectivity of source-sink systems Ferenc Jordan; 13. Sources, sinks, and model accuracy Matthew A. Etterson, Brian J. Olsen, Russell Greenberg and W. Gregory Shriver; 14. Scale-dependence of habitat sources and sinks Jeffrey M. Diez and Itamar Giladi; 15. Effects of experimental population removal for the spatial population ecology of the alpine butterfly, Parnassius smintheus Stephen F. Matter and Jens Roland; Part IV. Improvement of Source-Sink Management: 16. Contribution of source-sink theory to protected area science Andrew Hansen; 17. Evidence of source-sink dynamics in marine and estuarine species Romuald N. Lipcius and Gina M. Ralph; 18. Population networks with sources and sinks along productivity gradients in the Fiordland Marine Area, New Zealand: a case study on the sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus Stephen R. Wing; 19. Source-sinks, metapopulations, and forest reserves: conserving northern flying squirrels in the temperate rainforests of Southeast Alaska Winston P. Smith, David K. Person and Sanjay Pyare; 20. Does habitat fragmentation generate breeding sources, sinks, and ecological traps in migratory songbirds? Scott K. Robinson and Jeffrey P. Hoover; 21. Source-sink population dynamics and sustainable leaf harvest of the understory palm Chamaedorea radicalis Eric J. Berry, David L. Gorchov and Bryan A. Endress; 22. Assessing positive and negative ecological effects of corridors Nick Haddad, Brian Hudgens, Ellen I. Damschen, Douglas J. Levey, John L. Orrock, Joshua J. Tewksbury and Aimee J. Weldon; Part V. Synthesis: 23. Sources and sinks: what is the reality? John Wiens and Beatrice Van Horne; Index.
Jianguo (Jack) Liu is Rachel Carson Chair in Sustainability and University Distinguished Professor as well as Director of the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) at Michigan State University. His major research interests include landscape ecology, conservation ecology and the integration of ecology with social sciences and policy for understanding and achieving sustainability. Vanessa Hull is a PhD student of Jianguo (Jack) Liu at the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) at Michigan State University. Her research interests include animal behavior and ecology, landscape ecology and conservation biology. Anita T. Morzillo is an Assistant Professor, Senior Research, in the Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society at Oregon State University. Her major research interests include wildlife ecology and management, human dimensions of natural resources, landscape ecology, systems ecology, urban ecology and integrating ecology and social science for natural resource management. John A. Wiens is Chief Conservation Science Officer at PRBO Conservation Science, former Lead and Chief Scientist at The Nature Conservancy and former Distinguished Professor at Colorado State University. His broad interests include landscape ecology and the ecology of birds and insects in arid environments. His current scientific work focuses on critical issues of conservation in a rapidly changing environment resulting from climate change, economic globalization, land use change and human demands on natural ecosystems.