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Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Edited By: Wolfgang Kresse and David M Danko


Hardback | Dec 2008 | #168729 | ISBN-13: 9783540726784
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NHBS Price: £279.99 $368/€318 approx

About this book

Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Computer science has changed the shape of many classical domains. Often domains have become more similar than before. On the other hand new applications have emerged that were technically not feasible without the support of a computer. Those developments lead to new high-level domains. One of them is Geographic Information.

Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. Geodesy may be interpreted as the input-component, cartography may be interpreted as the output-component, and geography may be interpreted as one of many application of Geographic Information.

Fast and mobile Internet access as well as a comprehensive standardization of the data exchange has opened the door to many new applications. Typical examples are spatial data infrastructures. They enable an overlay of data that reside on different computers but are geometrically referred to the same area. Spatial data infrastructures revolutionize the relations of citizens with administration and economy. Another booming field is location based services. This links mobile devices with spatial and temporal data. The most advanced concept is called "Ubiquitous GIS" which handles a great number of position-coded mobile objects such as containers within one system. The automatic administration of those objects has already gained importance within logistic enterprises.

According to the above mentioned thoughts the handbook is organized into the parts, Basics and Applications. Many parts of the basics belong to the larger field of Computer Science. Possibly, those chapters could become a part of a book that is specialized in Computer Science. However, the reader should get a comprehensive view on Geographic Information in the planned handbook. Therefore, the topics selected from Computer Sciences have a close relation to Geographic Information. For a better thematic separation of the two the Basics are split into the sections Computer Science and Geoinformatics.


Part A Basics - Computer Science Modelers and theorists consider geographic information (GI) as being a subtopic of computer science. Many aspects of geographic information are almost pure information technology while others are more geographic information. Part A is dedicated to the topics which have a close relation to information technology, including modeling, mathematics and statistics, databases, encoding, as well as data mining and knowledge discovery. Chap. 1 Modeling of Geographic Information (C. Roswell Chap. 2 Mathematics and Geostatistics (F. Gielsdorf, L. Grundig, T. Hillmann) Chap. 3 Databases (T. Brinkhoff, W. Kresse) Chap. 4 Encoding of Geographic Information (C. Portele) Chap. 5 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (S.-L. Wang, W.-Z. Shi) Part B Geographic Information Part B addresses all geographic information topics that primarily are more specific to space and time. Staring with on the description of geographic information systems (GIS), the following chapters cover geodetic foundations, the capture of spatial and temporal data and their visualization (cartography) as well as web mapping technologies. Chap. 6 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (N. Bartelme) Chap. 7 Change Detection (J. Theau) Chap. 8 Geodesy (M. Becker) Chap. 9 Data Capture and Geosensor Networks (J. Skaloud, M. Cramer, N. Haala, J.-O. Wallgrun, S. Nittel, W. Kresse) Chap. 10 Geometry, Topology and Graph Theory (G. Groger, B. George) Chap. 11 Portrayal and Cartography (P. Hardy, K. Field) Chap. 12 Geospatial Metadata (D. Danko) Chap. 13 Standards for Geographic Information (W. Kresse, D. Danko, K. Fadaie) Chap. 14 Web Mapping and Web Cartography (A. Neumann) Chap. 15 Geospatial Semantic Web (J. Brodeur) Chap. 16 Registration of Geospatial Information Elements (C.D. O'Brien, R. Lott)Chap. 17 Security for Geospatial Information Systems (A. Matheus) Part C Applications Part C presents a selection of typical and important applications of geographic information. Some of the chapters address applications which may be considered as a specialization of geographic information, such as cadastre. In most of the other cases, geographic information systems (GIS) are only a tool for managing spatiotemporal data, as in planning, defense, and geology. The chapters open up a vast number of new applications, such as the chapter on location-based services. Another approach is open-source GIS, which is a license-oriented perspective on GIS and has become a lifestyle or philosophy among information technology (IT) people. Chap. 18 Ubiquitous Geographic Information (T.J. Kim, S.-G. Jang) Chap. 19 Legal, Law, Cadastre (M. Seifert) Chap. 20 Spatial Planning (F. Wilke) Chap. 21 Location Based Services (A. Zipf, M. Jost) Chap. 22 Movement Analysis (J. Gudmundsson, P. Laube, T. Wolle) Chap. 23 Marine GIS (M. Jonas, L. Vetter, W. Schroder, R. Pesch) Chap. 24 GIS in Agriculture (R. Bill, E. Nash, G. Grenzdorffer) Chap. 25 GIS in Defense (G. Joos) Chap. 26 GIS for Transportation (K. Choi, T.J. Kim) Chap. 27 GIS in Geology (K. Asch, S.J. Mathers, H. Kessler) Chap. 28 GIS for Energy and Utilities (W. (Bill) Meehan, J. Wyland) Chap. 29 GIS in Health and Human Services (W. (Bill) Davenhall, C. Kinabrew) Chap. 30 Open Source GIS (R.R. Vatsavai, T.E. Burk, S. Lime, M. Hugentobler, A. Neumann, C. Strobl) Chap. 31 Open Source Tools for Environmental Modeling (A. Jolma, D.P. Ames, N. Horning, H. Mitasova, M. Neteler, A. Racicot, T. Sutton) Acknowledgements.- About the Authors.- Subject Index

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Wolfgang Kresse Wolfgang Kresse is a Professor for Geographic Information Systems and Photogrammetry at the University of Applied Sciences in Neubrandenburg, Germany. As a visiting professor he was affiliated to the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing in Ottawa (2002/2003) and to the University of Maine, USA (2008/2009). Formerly, he worked as a software developer and customer trainer for Carl Zeiss Company with focus on graphics, photogrammetry, and data exchange. Wolfgang Kresse is the leading author of the book ISO Standards for Geographic Information published by Springer. He is the project leader of the ISO 19159, Calibration and validation of remote sensing imagery sensors and data, in the ISO/TC 211, Geographic information / Geomatics. He has been involved in the development of ISO 19130, Imagery sensor models for geopositioning, and in standardization activities of the International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) as well as in the German Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Wolfgang Kresse holds a Diploma Degree in Geodesy and a Doctor-Degree in Digital Cartography, both of the University of Bonn, Germany. David Danko David Danko is a Senior Consultant for GIS standards. In this capacity he ensures that ESRI software and services are interoperable and comply with the appropriate national, international, and industry standards. He represents ESRI on the OGC Planning Committee, ISO TC 211 and INCITS-L1. As a senior consultant for GIS Standards, Mr. Danko has provided workshops on standards, metadata, and spatial data infrastructures in the United States, Japan, South Africa, Italy, Chile, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Central America, and China and has participated in an advisory role in several regional and national spatial data infrastructures. As a physical scientist--senior standards manager with DMA, he was responsible for developing and managing agency policies and programs to ensure standardization and interoperability between DMA imagery and geospatial systems, U.S. DoD agencies, U.S. civilian agencies, and the military and civilian geospatial information communities of other nations. He previously served as Project Manager for an international research and development initiative that resulted in the development of the vector product format (VPF) military standard and the digital chart of the World (DCW); the DCW was the first in a new series of digital vector products on CD--ROM. Earlier in his career he worked in the areas of remote sensing, analytical triangulation, imagery data extraction and cartographic production. In his ISO Standardization activities he has been Project Leader in the Technical Committee (TC) 211--ISO 19115 Metadata Revision (2009--present), Chair of the Metadata Working Group in the Open GIS Consortium (2001--present), and a Technical and Planning Committee Representative in the Open GIS Consortium (2001--present).

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