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About this book
About this book
Updated edition which contains a new chapter on stone and the environment which emphasises the importance of planning, waste recycling, and quarry rehabilitation as part of the extraction process.
Nature's own building material: early use; advantages of stone; the future of stone. Part 2 Stone materials: terminology; rock types; sedimentary rocks; seasoning; weathering; insulation; porosity; florescence; strength; weight; hardness. Part 3 Stone sources: locating stone; types of deposit; boulder resources; sorting shapes; identification of deposit; further examination; surface features of stone deposits. Part 4 Stone extraction: quarry planning and development; location; opening up quarries; national planning and inventory; preparation and extraction; slabby layers; extraction devices; raising blocks from the quarry floor; transport. Part 5 Stone and the environment: the effects of quarrying on the environment; case study - Olival quarry; case study - Estremoz quarry; case study - Ontario; effects of the environment on stone. Part 6 Tools for stoneworking: terminology; tools and techniques; splitting devices; sizing sedimentary stones; splitting; hammers; chisels; drills; saws; bars; stone-breaking; hand-cutting a plane surface. Part 7 Architectural uses: types of building stone; types of dressing; masonry practices; field-stone construction; building a wall; construction of dwellings; foundations; walls; stone as a roof covering; arches; floors. Part 8 Industrial production: quarrying practices; drilling methods; wire-sawing; extraction by chain-saw; flame-jet cutting; water-jet cutting; processing; primary cutting; secondary sawing; surface processes; gritting; finishes; polishing; fixing; automation; waxing and packing. Part 9 Stone development: comparative costs; planning; investment in equipment; commercial factors; pricing; transport; promotion; statistics for the future; foundations for success. Appendix: stone testing.