A multitude of direct and indirect human influences have significantly altered the environmental conditions, composition, and diversity of marine communities. However, understanding and predicting the combined impacts of single and multiple stressors is particularly challenging because observed ecological feedbacks are underpinned by a number of physiological and behavioural responses that reflect stressor type, severity, and timing. Furthermore, integration between the traditional domains of physiology and ecology tends to be fragmented and focused towards the effects of a specific stressor or set of circumstances. This novel volume summarises the latest research in the physiological and ecological responses of marine species to a comprehensive range of marine stressors, including chemical and noise pollution, ocean acidification, hypoxia, UV radiation, thermal and salinity stress before providing a perspective on future outcomes for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today.
Stressors in the Marine Environment synthesises the combined expertise of a range of international researchers, providing a truly interdisciplinary and accessible summary of the field. It is essential reading for graduate students as well as professional researchers in environmental physiology, ecology, marine biology, conservation biology, and marine resource management. It will also be of particular relevance and use to the regulatory agencies and authorities tasked with managing the marine environment, including social scientists and environmental economists.
1: Effects of salinity as a stressor to aquatic invertebrates
2: Respiratory responses of marine animals to environmental hypoxia
3: Physiological effects of ocean acidification on animal calcifiers
4: Physiological responses of marine invertebrates to thermal stress
5: Physiological impacts of chemical pollutants in marine animals
6: Nitrogen stress in the marine environment: from scarcity to surfeit
7: The cellular responses of marine algae and invertebrates to ultraviolet radiation alone, and in combination with other common abiotic stressors
8: Physiological effects of noise on aquatic animals
9: Effects of changing salinity on the ecology of the marine environment
10: The ecological consequences of marine hypoxia: from behavioural to ecosystem responses
11: Ecological effects of ocean acidification
12: Effects of temperature stress on ecological processes
13: Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: Causes, effects, and challenges
14: Importance of species interactions in moderating altered levels of reactive nitrogen
15: Ecological impacts of ultraviolet-B radiation on marine ecosystems
16: Ecological impacts of anthropogenic underwater noise
17: Managing complex systems to enhance sustainability
18: Using the Ecosystem Approach to manage multiple stressors in marine environments
19: Quantifying the economic consequences of multiple stressors on the marine environment
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Edited by Martin Solan, Reader in Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, UK, and Nia Whiteley, Senior Lecturer in the School of Biological Sciences, Bangor University