About this book
This 4-volume set, edited by the world's leading expert on agricultural sustainability, brings together and interprets the most influential, important and time-tested international scholarship across the fields of agriculture and food production with a set overview and individual volume introductions that make sense of this diverse and complex field.
Volume I covers the history of agriculture from its ancient origins through successive technological and institutional revolutions to the present.
Volume II examines the relationship between agriculture and the environment including agricultural contamination, greenhouse gases and climate change, environmental improvements and sustainability, integrated farming, eco-agriculture and agro-ecology, landscape restoration and environmental goods and services.
Volume III provides full coverage of the modern industrialized global food system, corporate control, poverty, hunger and international successes, failures and challenges, diet and health, consumer behaviour and local alternatives to industrialization.
Volume IV addresses how we think about land and our relationship to it, governance and stewardship of the rural commons, systems thinking, ecological literacy, social connections and a sustainable rural life, supportive and perverse agricultural subsidies and policies that shape food poverty and sustain agriculture into the future.
VOLUME I: HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD; Editorial introduction for Volume I; PART I: BEFORE AGRICULTURE; R. B. Lee, What Hunters Do for a Living, or, How to Make Out on Scarce Resources; H. Brodie, Mind; D. A. Posey, Culture and Nature: The Inextricable Link; J. Woodburn, An Introduction to Hadza Ecology; C. Samson and J. Pretty, Environmental and Health Benefits of Hunting Lifestyles and Diets for the Innu of Labrador; PART II: EARLY AGRICULTURE; J. R. Harlan, Our Vanishing Genetic Resources; K. Wittfogel, Oriental Despotism Chapter 2; M. T. Varro, Rerum Rusticarum; L. Wenhua, Agro-Ecological Farming Systems in China Chapter 3; F. H. King, Farmers of Forty Centuries pp1 - 13; PART III: AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTIONS AND CHANGE; M. Turner, J. Beckett and B. Afton, Agricultural Sustainability and Openfield Farming in England, c 1650 - 1830; J. Pretty, Farmers' Extension Practice and Technology Adaptation: Agricultural Revolution in 17 - 19th Century Britain; G. R. Conway, Past Successes; J. C. Scott, Soviet Collectivism, Capitalist Dreams; P. A. Sanchez, C. A. Palm, S. A. Vosti, T. P. Tomich and J. Kasyoki, Alternatives to Slash and Burn: Challenges and Approaches of an International Consortium; PART IV: MODERN AGRICULTURAL REFORMS; J. Pretty and P. Shah, Making Soil and Water Conservation Sustainable: From Coercion and Control to Partnerships and Participation; J. C. Scott, Compulsory Villagization in Tanzania: Aesthethics and Villagization; L. Wenhua, Integrated Farming Systems at Different Scales; D. Mnyulwa and J. Mugwagwa, Agricultural Biotechnology in Southern Africa: A Regional Synthesis; M. Bell, Coda: Sustaining Cultivation; VOLUME II: AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT; Editorial introduction for Volume II; PART I: AGRICULTURAL HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT; R. Carson, Silent Spring Chapters 1 and 2; J. Pretty, Reality Cheques; E. Tegtmeier and M. Duffy, The External Costs of Agricultural Production in the United States; S. Sherwood, D. Cole, C. Crissman and M. Paredes, Transforming Potato Systems in the Andes; F. Mancini, A. H. C. van Bruggen, J. L. S. Jiggins, A. C. Ambatipud and H. Murphy, Incidence of Acute Pesticide Poisoning among Female and Male Cotton Growers in India; PART II: AGROECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY; G. R. Conway, The Properties of Agroecosystems; J. Pretty, Agricultural Sustainability: Concepts, Principles and Evidence; S. Gliessman, Agroecology and Agroecosystems; K. Gallagher, P. Ooi, T. Mew, E. Borromeo, P. Kenmore and J. W. Ketelaar, Ecological Basis for Low-Toxicity Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Rice and Vegetables; D. L. Jackson, The Farm as Natural Habitat; PART III: COMMUNITIES AND SOCIAL CAPITAL; M. M. Cernea, Farmer Organizations and Institution Building for Sustainable Development; J. Pretty, Social Capital and the Collective Management of Resources; L. M. Lobao, M. D. Schulman and L. E. Swanson, Still Going: Recent Debate on the Goldschmidt Hypothesis; B. Wu and J. Pretty, Social Connectedness in Marginal Rural China: The Case of Farmer Innovation Circles in Zhidan, North Shaanxi; C. B. Flora and J. L. Flora, Generating Community Change; PART IV: ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION AND DESIGN; S. Higginbotham, A. R. Leake, V. W. L. Jordan and S. E. Ogilvy, Ecological and Environmental Aspects of Organic, Integrated and. Conventional Farming Systems; M. R. Wade, G. M. Gurr and S. D. Wratten, Ecological Restoration of Farmland: Progress and Prospects; D. Orr, Ecological Design and Education; N. Uphoff, A. S. Ball, E. C. M. Fernandes, H. Herren, O. Husson, C. Palm, J. Pretty, N. Sanginga and J. E. Thies, Issues for More Sustainable Soils Systems Management; F. Kirschenmann and D. Imhoff, Farming with the Wild Foreword and Introduction; VOLUME III: AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SYSTEMS; Editorial Introduction for Volume III; PART I: THE GLOBAL FOOD SYSTEM; J. Pretty, The Environmental and Social Costs of Improvement; P. B. R. Hazell and S. Wood, The Political and Social Drivers for Future Developments in Global Agriculture; M. E. Lien, The Politics of Food; G. Smith, Agricultural Food Chains; J. Waage, Agricultural Biosecurity; PART II: POVERTY AND HUNGER; R Chambers, Words and Ideas: Commitment, Continuity and Irreversibility; D. Narayan, R. Chambers, M. K. Shah and P. Petesch, Wellbeing and Illbeing: The Good and the Bad Life; L. Brown, Who Will Feed China?; J. McNeely and S. Scherr, Ecoagriculture; J. Pretty, A. D. Noble, D. Bossio, J. Dixon, R. E. Hine, F. W. T. Penning de Vries and J. I. L. Morison, Resource-conserving Agriculture Increases Yields in Developing Countries; PART III: DIET AND HEALTH; E. Balfour, Whole Diets; B. Popkin, The Nutrition Transition and its Health Implications in Lower-income Countries; T. Lang and M. Heasman, Diet and Health: Diseases and Food; M. Nestle, Food politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health Introductory Chapter; P. Schlosser, Your Trusted Friends; PART IV: LOCALIZED FOOD SYSTEMS; J. Kloppenburg, J. Hendrickson and G. W. Stevenson, Coming to the Foodshed; J. Pretty, T. Lang, J. Morison, A. S. Ball, Food Miles and Farm Costs: The Full Cost of the British Food Basket; G. Nguyen, T. L. Dobbs, S. K. Bertramsen and B. Legagneux, French Quality and Ecolabelling Schemes: Do They Also Benefit the Environment; N. Companioni, Y. O. Hernandez, E. Paez and C. Murphy, The Growth of Urban Agriculture; T. Marsden, The Quest for Ecological Modernization: Re-spacing Rural Development and Agri-food Studies; VOLUME IV: POLICIES, PROCESSES AND INSTITUTIONS; Editorial introduction for Volume IV; PART I: ETHICS AND SYSTEMS THINKING; A. Leopold, The Land Ethic; M. Fukuoka, One Straw Revolution: Four Principles of Natural Farming; R. Bawden, Knowing Systems and the Environment; J. Dixon, A. Guilliver and D. Gibbon, Farming Systems and Poverty; R. Chambers, Learning and Mislearning; PART II: PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES; R. Chambers, Reversals, Institutions and Change; J. Pretty, Participatory Learning for Sustainable Agriculture; J. D. van der Ploeg, Past, Present and Future; M. Barzman and S. Desilles, Diversifying Rice-based Systems and Empowering Farmers in Bangladesh Using the Farmer Field School Approach; M. Gadgil, Social Change and Conservation; PART III: GOVERNANCE AND EDUCATION; C. Leeuwis, From Extension to Communication Innovation; K. L. Heong, M. M. Escalada, N. H. Huan and V. Mai, Use of Communication Media in Changing Rice Farmers' Pest Management in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam; R. Cramb and Z. Culasero, Landcare and Livelihoods: The Promotion and Adoption of Conservation Farming Systems in the Philippine Uplands; W. Berry, Conserving Communities; G. Lieblin, E. Ostergaard and C. Francs, Becoming an Agroecologist through Action Education. PART IV: ENABLING POLICIES & INSTITUTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL & FOOD SYSTEMS; N. G. Roling and N. A. E. Wagemakers, A New Practice: Facilitating Sustainable Agriculture; J. Kerr, N. K. Sanghi and G. Sriramappa, Subsidies in Watershed Development Projects in India: Distortions and Opportunities; T. Dobbs and J. Pretty, Agri-environmental Stewardship Schemes and 'Multifunctionality'; C. Toulmin and I. Scoones, Ways Forward? Technical Choices, Intervention Strategies and Policy Options; P. Benjamin, J. X. Kasperson, R. E. Kasperson, J. L. Emel and D. E. Rocheleau, Social Visions of Future Sustainable Societies; A.Campbell, P. Grice and J. Hardy, Local Conservation Action in; Western Australia; J. R. Harlan The Living Fields: Our Agricultural Heritage.
Jules Pretty OBE is Professor of Environment and Society and Head of the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Essex, UK, and Chief Editor of the International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. His works include The Earth Only Endures (2007), The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Agriculture (2005), The Pesticide Detox (2005), Agri-Culture (2002), The Living Land (1998), Regenerating Agriculture (1995), The Hidden Harvest (1992) and Unwelcome Harvest (1991)