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When other nations are forced to rethink their agricultural and food security strategies in light of the post-peak oil debate, they only have one living example to draw from: that of Cuba in the 1990s. Based on the first and - up till now - only systematic and empirical study to come out of Cuba on this topic, this book examines how the nation successfully headed-off its own food crisis after the dissolution of the Soviet Bloc in the early 1990s.
The author identifies the policies and practices required for such an achievement under conditions of petroleum-scarcity, and throws down the gauntlet to the mainstream, market-driven approach to achieving food security being imposed on vulnerable developing regions. Paradoxically, the book debunks the myth that Cuba turned to a widespread organic approach to agriculture, a myth that is perpetuated as the majority of visitors to the country, including researchers and journalists, only visit urban production which is predominantly organic. In rural regions, to which the author had unique access, high-input and integrated approaches are advocated for the majority of production, despite the fluctuations in availability of agrochemicals and fuel.
This book confronts the crucial issue that as world oil supplies peak, energy policies need to change and people must adapt. It provides the only example of a how a country's agriculture and food supply have coped with conditions of post-peak oil. It is based on original research by the author, who had unique access to the rural areas of Cuba.