This book is a result of the NATO-SPS (NFA) Workshop held in Istanbul, Turkey, in October 2007. The main goal of the Workshop was to provide knowledge and build the skills of scientists, engineers, and decision- and policy-makers for the effective management of watersheds and prevention of or coping with catastrophic events.
The aim of this effort was to transfer the multidisciplinary approach, information, and knowledge gained by the LEMSM group (NATO CCMS Pilot Study Group on Ecosystem Modeling of Coastal Lagoons for Sustainable Management) during their 12 years of collaboration on the Pilot Study to international scientists and decision-makers. The Workshop provided participants with an excellent opportunity to develop understanding and skills in scenario-based decision-making management of watersheds. Participants from 21 countries exchanged knowledge on how to use advanced tools for assessment and decision-making that provide the ability to manage watersheds. Participants benefited from applying the sustainable use and development models to minimize and mitigate effects on the natural capital of water resources, watersheds, and thus socioeconomic systems.
This led to recommendations based on a oeecosystem approacha for decision-making for protection of human security and peace. Further, group sessions resulted in the identification of Terms and Principles as well as the recommendations for application and implementation of sustainable use and development practices in developing countries. The program of the Workshop was challenging by embracing a a oehands ona learning experience. The book specifically reframes the need for decision support tools and scientific knowledgein watershed management in the context of a multidisciplinary, integrated approach.
Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction. I. E. Gonenc and B.Toktoraliev.- Watershed Management In Various Countries. Watersheds and Water Management System in Algeria; M. Messahel.-Advances in Managing Austria's Water Resources; M. Schonerklee.- Problems and prospects of water resources management in the Azerbaijan Republic;A.Aliev.-Water Resources Management System Of Kyrgyzstan; M.Amanaliev.-Watershed Management Practices in the Philippines, The Tigum-Aganan Watershed Case;J. C. Sala.- Watershed Management System in Poland and Its Implications for Environmental Conditions of the Baltic Sea: An Example of the Vistula River Watershed; E. Andrulewicz.- Water Resources Management in Romania: Challenges and Opportunities; A.Vadineanu and E. Preda.- Watershed Management in the Russian Federation and Trans-boundary Issues by Example of Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia).- B.Chubarenko.- Overview of Water Management in Turkey: Issues, Constraints, Achievements Prospect; S.Burak.- Watershed Management in the U.S.A.; R. C. Russo et al.-Decision Support Tools, Models and Case Studies.Multilevel Participatory Model for Decision Making on Regional Hydro-System Basis: Serbian Case Study; B.Srdjevic and Z.Srdjevic.- Supporting Tools For Decisional Process Within Water Framework Directive: From EU Context to Modelkey Perspective; S.Gottardo et al.- Application Of Water Quality Modelling as a Decision Support System Tool For Planned Buyuk Melen Reservoir and Its Watershed; A.Erturk et al.- The Use of Numerical Modeling in Italian Watershed Management; G.Umgiesser et al.- Sustainable Development Of Watersheds: Using Sturgeon Species As An Indicator in Integrated Trans-Boundary Water Management in The Ural River Basin;V.Lagutov.- Lagoon Ecosystem Study Trough Two Cases: Oualidia (Atlantic) and Nador (Mediterranean) -- Morocco; A. Orbi et al.- Coastal lagoons in the context of water management in Spain and Europe; A. Perez-Ruzafa.- Water Framework Directive: Defining The Ecological Quality Status In Transitional And Coastal Waters; S.Gamito. The Role of Ecological Endpoints in Watershed Management; B. Rashleigh.-- Bioidentification of Xenobiotics as a Basis of Water management; V.Tonkopii et al.- GIS analysis of sustainable development indicators for coastal watersheds in the South-Eastern Baltic;B. Chubarenko and D. Domnin.- Combined Use of Watershed Models to Assess the Apportionment of Point and Non Point Load Sources to Surface Waters;A.Azzellino et al.- Development Of National Action Plan To Address Pollution From Land Based Activities In Turkey; A. Gulsen. Et al.- Reduction of the Land-Based Discharges to the Curonian Lagoon in a View of a Climate Change Perspective; A. Razinkovas et al.- The Study of Hydro-Mineralogical and Ecological Regime of Kara-Bogaz-Gol Lagoon; O. Geldiyew.- Comparative Analysis of Water Management Practices in Mediterranean Countries; S.Burak.- Chesapeake Bay Program -- A Watershedf Approach to Management; J.P. Wolflin.- Conclusions and Recommendations. Decision Support Systems and Tools; R.Neves et al.- Land-based sources and water quality and management; A.Vadineanu et al.-Decision Making, Policy And Financing;J. Wolflin et al.-List of Participants