This second edition of a very well received advanced textbook retains the chemist's viewpoint in its comprehensive overview of methods for chemical synthesis of inorganic materials. The second chapter now includes a section on biomorphic ceramics, while one on LEDs has been added to Chapter 3. Chapter 4 now includes a more thorough explanation of borate glasses, with certain sections being completely rearranged. In addition, Chapter 6 has been extensively revised, and a whole new sub-chapter added on coordination polymers. The general principles and requirements are discussed for each method given, along with selected examples of technically applied materials, as well as the material properties and applications of the resulting products. Furthermore, numerous tables with further examples help in assessing the scope and limitation of the various methods and in choosing a suitable synthesis for any given problem. Intended for both courses in inorganic chemistry and materials science, this volume is equally valuable for all researchers working on the borderline of these two disciplines.
Preface to the Second Edition. Foreword. Acknowledgements. Table of Contents. Abbreviations. 1 Introduction. 2 Solid-State Reactions. 2.1 Reactions Between Solid Compounds. 2.1.1 Ceramic Method. 2.1.2 Carbothermal Reduction. 2.1.3 Combustion Synthesis. 2.1.4 Sintering. 2.2 Solid-Gas Reactions. 2.3 Decomposition and Dehydration Reactions. 2.4 Intercalation Reactions. 2.4.1 General Aspects. 2.4.2 Preparative Methods. 2.4.3 Pillaring of Layered Compounds. 2.5. Further Reading. 3 Formation of Solids from the Gas Phase. 3.1 Chemical Vapor Transport. 3.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition. 3.2.1 General Aspects. 3.2.2 Metal CVD. 3.2.3 Diamond CVD. 3.2.4 CVD of Metal Oxides. 3.2.5 CVD of Metal Nitrides. 3.2.6 CVD of Compound Semiconductors. 3.3 Aerosol Processes. 3.4 Further Reading. 4 Formation of Solids from Solutions and Melts. 4.1 Glass. 4.1.1 The Structural Theory of Glass Formation. 4.1.2 Crystallization versus Glass Formation. 4.1.3 Glass Melting. 4.1.4 Metallic Glasses. 4.2 Precipitation. 4.3 Biomaterials. 4.3.1 Biogenic Materials and Biomineralization. 4.3.2 Synthetic Biomaterials. 4.3.3 Biomimetic Materials Chemistry. 4.4 Solvothermal Processes. 4.4.1 Hydrothermal Synthesis of Single Crystals. 4.4.2 Hydrothermal Synthesis. 4.4.3 Hydrothermal Leaching. 4.5 Sol-Gel Processes. 4.5.1 The Physics of Sols. 4.5.2 Sol-Gel Processing of Silicate Materials. 4.5.3 Sol-Gel Chemistry of Metal Oxides. 4.5.4 Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials. 4.6 Further Reading. 5 Preparation and Modification of Inorganic Polymers. 5.1 General Aspects. 5.1.1 Polymeric Materials. 5.1.2 Crosslinking. 5.1.3 Preceramic Polymers. 5.2 Polysiloxanes (Silicones). 5.2.1 Properties and Applications of Silicones. 5.2.2 Structure of Silicones. 5.2.3 Preparation of Silicones. 5.3 Polyphosphazenes. 5.3.1 Properties and Applications of Polyphosphazenes. 5.3.2 Preparation and Modification. 5.4 Polysilanes. 5.4.1 Properties and Applications of Polysilanes. 5.4.2 Preparation and Modification of Polysilanes. 5.4.3 Crosslinking of Polysilanes. 5.5 Polycarbosilanes. 5.5.1 SiC Fibers from Polycarbosilanes (Yajima Process). 5.5.2 Chemical Issues of Polymer Preparation, Curing and Pyrolysis. 5.6 Polysilazanes and Polycarbosilazanes. 5.6.1 Preparation of Polysilazanes and Polycarbosilazanes. 5.6.2 Curing and Pyrolysis Reactions. 5.7 Other Inorganic Polymers. 5.7.1 Other Phosphorus-Containing Polymers. 5.7.2 Poly(oxothiazenes). 5.7.3 Transition Metal-Containing Polymers. 5.7.4 Preceramic Polymers for BN. 5.8 Further Reading. 6 Porous Materials. 6.1 Introduction to Porosity. 6.2 Metallic Foams and Porous Metals. 6.2.1 Casting Techniques. 6.2.2 Gas-Eutectic Transformation. 6.2.3 Powder Metallurgy. 6.2.4 Metal Deposition. 6.3 Aerogels. 6.3.1 Drying Methods. 6.3.2 Properties and Applications. 6.4 Porous Solids with an Ordered Porosity. 6.4.1 Microporous Crystalline Solids. 6.4.2 Mesoporous Solids with Ordered Porosity. 6.4.3 Macroporous Solids with Ordered Porosity. 6.5 Incorporation of Functional Groups into Porous Materials. 6.6 Further Reading. 7 Nanostructured Materials. 7.1 Nanoparticles and Nanocrystalline Materials. 7.1.1 Nanocrystalline Ceramics. 7.1.2 Semiconductor Nanoparticles. 7.1.3 Metal Nanoparticles. 7.2 Nanotubes. 7.3 Mono- and Multilayers. 7.3.1 Multilayers of Inorganic Materials. 7.3.2 Langmuir Monolayers. 7.3.3 Self-assembled Monolayers. 7.4 Further Reading. 8 Glossary. Index.
Ulrich Schubert is Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the Institute of Materials Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology. Born in Regensburg, he completed all his studies at the Technical University of Munich, including his thesis under the supervision of E.O. Fischer. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Stanford University, where he worked with W.S. Johnson. After gaining his lecturing qualification in Munich, he held a professorship of inorganic chemistry at the University of Wurzburg from 1982 to 1994 before moving to Vienna to become a full professor. From 1989 to 1994 he also served in different positions at the Fraunhofer Institute of Silicate Research in Wurzburg. Professor Schubert's research interests include application-oriented fundamental research on sol-gel processes and the activation of silicon-element bonds by transition metal complexes. Nicola Husing is assistant professor at the Institute of Materials Chemistry at Vienna University of Technology. Born in Rheda-Wiedenbruck she studied chemistry at the University of Wurzburg. While working on her dissertation she began working at Vienna University of Technology and the University of California, Los Angeles. After receiving her PhD in 1997 from the University of Wurzburg, she was awarded a post-doctoral fellowship with C.J. Brinker on nanostructured thin films the following year. Returning to Vienna she gained her lecturing qualification in 2003 and is taking up a full professorship at the University of Ulm this year. Her research interests focus on the synthesis of sol-gel based porous materials and mesoscopically organized systems, especially with respect to synthesis - structure - property relations.