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The study of animals – and the relationship between humans and other animals – is now one of the most fiercely debated topics in contemporary science and culture.
Animals have a long history in human society, providing food, labour, sport and companionship as well as becoming objects for exhibit. More contemporary uses extend to animals as therapy and in scientific testing. As natural habitats continue to be destroyed, the rights of animals to co-exist on the planet – and their symbolic power as a connection between humans and the natural world – are ever more hotly contested.
The Animals Reader brings together the key classic and contemporary writings from Philosophy, Ethics, Sociology, Cultural Studies, Anthropology, Environmental Studies, History, Law and Science. As the first book of its kind, The Animals Reader provides a framework for understanding the current state of the multidisciplinary field of animal studies.
Prologue: Animals, by Randy Malamud
Editorial Introduction, by Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald
Part 1. Animals as Philosophical and Ethical Subjects
1. Aristotle. The History of Animals
2. Jeremy Bentham. Principles of Morals and Legislation
3. Marjorie Spiegel. In Defense of Slavery
4. Peter Singer. Animal Liberation or Animal Rights?
5. Tom Regan. The Rights of Humans and Other Animals
6. Martha Nussbaum. The Moral Status of Animals
7. Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. Becoming-Animal
Part 2. Animals as Reflexive Thinkers
8. Michel de Montaigne. An Apology for Raymond Sebond
9. René Descartes. From the Letters of 1646 and 1649
10. Clinton R. Sanders and Arnold Arluke. Speaking for Dogs
11. Marc Bekoff. Wild Justice and Fair Play: Cooperation, Forgiveness, and Morality in Animals
12. Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson and Susan McCarthy. Grief, Sadness, and the Bones of Elephants
13. Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Gwendolyn Borgen, Birute Galdikas, Cheryl D. Knott, Ian Singleton, Akira Suzuki, Sri Suci Utami, and Michelle Merrill. Orangutan Cultures and the Evolution of Material Culture
Part 3. Animals as Domesticates, "Pets" and Food
14. Steven Mithen. The Hunter-Gatherer Prehistory of Human-Animal Interactions
15. Harriet Ritvo. Animal Planet
16. Yi-Fu Tuan. Animal Pets: Cruelty and Affection
17. Plutarch. The Eating of Flesh
18. Jim Mason and Mary Finelli. Brave New Farm?
19. Carol J. Adams. The Sexual Politics of Meat
20. David Nibert. The Promotion of "Meat" and its Consequences
Part 4. Animals as Spectacle and Sport
21. Pliny the Elder. Combats of Elephants
22. Garry Marvin. On Being Human in the Bullfight
23. Rhonda Evans, DeAnn K. Gauthier and Craig J. Forsyth. Dogfighting: Symbolic Expression and Validation of Masculinity
24. Randy Malamud. Zoo Spectatorship
25. Matt Cartmill. Hunting and Humanity in Western Thought
Part 5. Animals as Symbols
26. John Berger. Why Look at Animals?
27. Claude Lévi-Strauss. The Totemic Illusion
28. Boria Sax. Animals as Tradition
29. Steve Baker. What is the Postmodern Animal?
30. Jonathan Burt. The Illumination of the Animal Kingdom: The Role of Light and Electricity in Animal Representation
Part 6. Animals as Scientific Objects
31. Coral Lansbury. The Brown Dog Riots of 1907
32. Lynda Birke. Into the Laboratory
33. Sarah Whatmore. Hybrid Geographies: Rethinking the "Human" in Human Geography
34. Sarah Franklin. Dolly's Body: Gender, Genetics and the New Genetic Capital
35. Donna Haraway. Cyborgs to Companion Species: Reconfiguring Kinship in Technoscience
Linda Kalof is Professor in the Department of Sociology at Michigan State University. She is author of Looking at Animals in Human History and co-editor of The Earthscan Reader in Environmental Values and the major multi-volume works, A Cultural History of Animals and A Cultural History of the Human Body.
Amy J. Fitzgerald is on the faculty in the Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, and author of Animal Abuse and Family Violence.
"'What is an 'animal'? A 'human being'? The Animals Reader will help us rethink these urgent questions in the light of scientific, technological, and historical discoveries. Ranging from Aristotle to postmodern philosophers and from orangutans to cyborgs, it presents a wonderful diversity of perspectives on animals and, in consequence, ourselves."
– Boria Sax, author of Crow, Animals in the Third Reich and The Mythical Zoo
"A great resource for students coming to grips with a complex, multidisciplinary field."
– Mike Michael, Goldsmith's College, University of London
"Absolutely perfect for the course and an excellent production throughout."
– Stuart R Harrop, Professor for Wildlife Management Law, University of Kent
"This is an incredibly well chosen collection of writings and valuable reference book."
– Yvette Watt, Animals Today
"The Animals Reader is an immensely stimulating collection of essays, which belongs on the bookshelf of every thinking person."
– The Financial Times