Series: International Union of Crystallography Texts on Crystallography Volume: 21
519 pages, 303 b/w photos and b/w illustrations, tables
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction provides a clear and very broadly based introduction to crystallography, light, X-ray and electron diffraction – a knowledge which is essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which is otherwise generally covered in subject-specific and more mathematically detailed texts. The text is also designed to appeal to the more general reader since it shows, by historical and biographical references, how the subject has developed from the work and insights of successive generations of crystallographers and scientists.
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction shows how an understanding of crystal structures, both inorganic and organic may be built up from simple ideas of atomic and molecular packing. Beginning with (two dimensional) examples of patterns and tilings, the concepts of lattices, symmetry point and space groups are developed. 'Penrose' tilings and quasiperiodic structures are also included. The reciprocal lattice and its importance in understanding the geometry of light, X-ray and electron diffraction patterns is explained in simple terms, leading to Fourier analysis in diffraction, crystal structure determination, image formation and the diffraction-limited resolution in these techniques. Practical X-ray and electron diffraction techniques and their applications are described. A recurring theme is the common principles: the techniques are not treated in isolation.
The fourth edition has been revised throughout, and includes new sections on Fourier analysis, Patterson maps, direct methods, charge flipping, group theory in crystallography, and a new chapter on the description of physical properties of crystals by tensors (Chapter 14).
New to this edition:
- Revised throughout
- Includes new sections on Fourier analysis, Patterson maps, direct methods, charge flipping
- New chapter on the description of physical properties of crystals by tensors (Chapter 14)
- New Appendix on group theory in crystallography
Reviews from previous editions:
"This is a timely, well-constructed book which should be seriously considered by every teacher of crystallography and can be recommended to anyone who wants to get to grips with crystallography and diffraction."
– Journal of Microscopy
"The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction brings a lot of classical information together into one place, and presents it in a way acceptable to a modern audience. It is well-structured, carefully written and a pleasure to read. There should be a copy on the shelves of every crystallography laboratory."
– ACA RefleXions
"This handsome book is ideal for any student or researcher who needs a basic understanding of crystallography and diffraction. The consistently high standard of presentation and explanation, the relatively low price [...], and the fact that the book is now in its third edition tells you everything you need to know. This book is recommended for students and researchers who need an introduction to crystallography that is clear, informative, easy to follow and an excellent read."
– Microscopy and Analysis
"I find it very easy to recommend this text, without hesitation. The author's style of presentation is lucid and the book contains some excellent exercises to "stretch" the minds of students needing to acquire a facility with crystallography and diffraction. [...] This is a very well-established student text."
– Materials Characterization
"The book is nicely illustrated and attractively produced. It is warmly recommended to all students and researchers in crystallography, including chemists, condensed-matter physicists, material scientists, and others who are interested in the structures of crystals and in how they are determined."
– Structural Chemistry
"The book is aimed at students in all the disciplines which use crystallographic methods. If they are seriously interested in crystallography, this book is as close to ideal as they are likely to get, and very good value too. I thoroughly recommend Hammond's book as an enjoyable way of re-visiting old haunts."
– Mineralogical Magazine
"The fundamentals of crystallography and diffraction are set out in a convincing way in this book. The author has succeeded in explaining the two fields in a very communicative and relatively condensed way."
– Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry
"Throughout, this book is well written and thoughtfully illustrated. It provides an excellent grounding in crystallography. It may be the only book that bewildered non-crystallographers need."
– Microscopy and Imaging News
1: Crystals and crystal structures
2: Two-dimensional patterns, lattices and symmetry
3: Bravais lattices and crystal systems
4: Crystal symmetry: point groups, space groups, symmetry-related properties and quasiperiodic crystals
5: Describing lattice planes and directions in crystals: Miller indices and zone axis symbols
6: The recirocal lattice
7: The diffraction of light
8: X-ray diffraction: the contribution of Max von Laue, W.H. and W.L. Bragg and P.P Ewald
9: The diffraction of X-rays
10: X-ray diffraction of polycrystalline materials
11: Electron diffraction and its applications
12: The stereographic projection and its uses
13: Fourier analysis in diffraction and image formation
14: The physical properties of crystals and their description by tensors
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Christopher Hammond was educated at The Gateway School, Leciester, The University of Cambridge (BA, 1964) and The University of Leeds (Ph.D, 1968). From 1968 to 2005 he was Lecturer, then Senior Lecturer, in the Department of Metallurgy (later the Insitute for Materials Research) and carried out research on titanium alloys. He is a Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society and a Life Fellow of the University of Leeds. He has long experience of teaching with the University and RMS courses.