Beavers are the great comeback story – a keystone species that survived ice ages, major droughts, the fur trade, urbanisation and near extinction. Their ability to create and maintain aquatic habitats has endeared them to conservationists, but puts the beavers at odds with urban and industrial expansion. These conflicts reflect a dichotomy within Canada's national identity.
Canadians place environment and their concept of wilderness as a key touchstone for promotion and celebration, while devoting significant financial and personal resources to combating the beaver problem. Canadians need to rethink our approach to environmental conflict in general, and their approach to species-specific conflicts in particular. Canadian history often celebrates our integration of environment into our identity, but their actions often reveal an exploitation of environment and celebration of its subjugation.
Why the conflict with the beaver? It is one of the few species that refuses to play by Canada's rules and continues to modify environments to meet its own needs and the betterment of so many other species, while at the same time showing humans that complete dominion over nature is not necessarily achievable.