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About this book
About this book
Biogeography has renewed its concepts and methods following important recent advances in phylogenetics, macroecology, and geographic information systems. In parallel, the evolutionary ecology of host-parasite interactions has attracted the interests of numerous studies dealing with life-history traits evolution, community ecology and evolutionary epidemiology.
This book integrates these two fields, using examples from a variety of host-parasite associations in various regions, and across both ecological and evolutionary timescales. Besides a strong theoretical component, there is a bias towards applications, specifically in the fields of historical biogeography, palaeontology, phylogeography, landscape epidemiology, invasion biology, conservation biology, human evolution and health ecology. A particular emphasis concerns emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases linked to global changes.
Preface; INTRODUCTION; PART I HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY; 1. Beyond vicariance: integrating taxon pulses, ecological fitting and oscillation in evolution and historical biogeography; 2. Palaeogeography of parasites; 3. Phylogeography and historical biogeography of obligate specific mutualisms; 4. Biogeography, humans and their parasites; 5. The use of co-phylogeographic patterns to predict the nature of host-parasite interactions, and vice versa; PART II ECOLOGICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY AND MACROECOLOGY; 6. Marine parasite diversity and environmental gradients; 7. Parasite diversity and latitudinal gradients in terrestrial mammals; 8. Ecological properties of a parasite: species-specific stability and geographical variation; 9. Similarity and variability in parasite assemblages across geographical space; 10. Gap analysis and the geographical variation in our knowledge of parasites; PART III GEOGRAPHY OF INTERACTIVE POPULATIONS; 11. In the hosts' footsteps? Ecological niche modeling and its utility in predicting parasite distributions; 12. The geography of defence; 13. Evolutionary landscape epidemiology; PART IV INVASION, INSULARITY, AND INTERACTIONS; 14. The geography of host and parasite invasions; 15. Immune defence and invasion; 16. Infection, immunity, and island adaptation in birds; PART V APPLIED BIOGEOGRAPHY; 17. The geography and ecology of pathogen emergence; 18. When geography of health meets health ecology; CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES; Index