395 pages, 95 b/w illustrations, 5 tables
Giant kelp (Macrocystis) is a remarkable plant, the largest seaweed and most rapidly growing and prolific of all plants found on earth. Growing from the seafloor and extending along the sea surface in lush canopies, giant kelp provides an extensive vertical habitat in a largely two-dimensional seascape. It is the foundation for one of the most species-rich, productive, and widely distributed ecological communities.
Schiel and Foster's scholarly review and synthesis take the reader from the early observations by Darwin to the present day, providing a historical perspective for the modern understanding of giant kelp evolution, biogeography, biology, and physiology. This perspective is integrated into a thorough discussion of the species and forest ecology worldwide, with considerations of human uses and abuses, management and conservation, and the present effects of global change and likely future impacts. The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests promises to be the definitive treatise and reference on giant kelp and its forests for many years, and it will appeal to marine scientists and others who want a better appreciation and understanding of these wondrous forests of the sea.
"The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests will be the seminal work on kelp forest ecosystems. It greatly updates the authors' earlier synthesis on the topic, not only bringing their work up to date but also providing a fresh look at how kelp forests 'work' in different parts of the world."
– John Pearse, Professor Emeritus, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
"The broad and deep treatment of the subject makes this book an important contribution to kelp forest ecology and marine ecology in general. This book will have a lasting impact as a desk reference and textbook for students, researchers, and coastal managers."
– Michael Graham, Professor, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, and coeditor of the Journal of Phycology
"The authors' scholarship is evident in their thorough review of over 800 publications, which provides the most up-to-date insights into the biology, ecology, and human use of giant kelp forests. There is simply nothing else like it."
– Dan Reed, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara
PART I. THE BIOLOGY OF GIANT KELP
1. Introduction to Giant Kelp Forests Worldwide
2. The Structure, Function, and Abiotic Requirements of
3. The Abiotic Environment
4. Demography, Dispersal, and Connectivity of Populations
PART II. THE GIANT KELP ECOSYSTEM
5. Giant Kelp Communities
6. Detached Giant Kelp Communities, Production, and Food / Control Webs
7. Facilitative and Competitive Interactions in Giant Kelp Forests
8. Grazing in Kelp Communities
9. Predation and Trophic Cascades in Kelp Communities
PART III. HUMAN USAGE, MANAGEMENT, AND CONSERVATION
10. Anthropogenic Effects on Kelp Forests
11. Human Usage of Giant Kelp and Kelp Forest Organisms
12. Marine Protected Areas and Fisheries Effects
PART IV. GLOBAL CHANGE AND THE FUTURE
13. Global Change
14. Giant Kelp Forests: Conclusions and Final Thought
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David R. Schiel is Professor of Marine Science at the School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, where he leads the Marine Ecology Research Group. His primary research interests are the interactions of species' life histories with the ecological and oceanographic processes responsible for nearshore marine community structure.
Michael S. Foster is Professor Emeritus at Moss Landing Marine Laboratories/San Jose State University. He received his BS degree from Stanford University and PhD from UC Santa Barbara. His research interests center on the ecology of subtidal and intertidal reefs.