Israel is an important area for ornithologists. Situated on one of the major Palearctic-African migration routes, large numbers of birds pass through the country. This mammoth work is a complete, up-to-date reference on bird distribution in, and migration through, Israel. The book distinguishes all subspecies found in Israel, and details seasonal occurrence. In addition there are chapters on the history of ornithology in Israel, features of the avifauna, and geography. The species accounts give subspecies, status, habitat and general occurrence, distribution, numbers and annual cycle, with maps of seasonal distribution and breeding.