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Presenting a comprehensive discussion of general circulation models of the atmosphere, The Development of Atmospheric General Circulation Models covers their historical and contemporary development, their societal context, and current efforts to integrate these models into wider earth-system models. Leading researchers provide unique perspectives on the scientific breakthroughs, overarching themes, critical applications, and future prospects for atmospheric general circulation models. Key interdisciplinary links to other subject areas such as chemistry, oceanography and ecology are also highlighted.
The Development of Atmospheric General Circulation Models is a core reference for academic researchers and professionals involved in atmospheric physics, meteorology and climate science, and can be used as a resource for graduate-level courses in climate modeling and numerical weather prediction. Given the critical role that atmospheric general circulation models are playing in the intense public discourse on climate change, it is also a valuable resource for policy makers and all those concerned with the scientific basis for the ongoing public-policy debate.
Foreword Isaac Held
1. Introduction Leo Donner, Wayne Schubert and Richard Somerville
2. From Richardson to early numerical weather prediction Peter Lynch
3. The evolution and future research goals for general circulation models Warren Washington and Akira Kasahara
4. Beyond prediction to climate modeling and climate control: new perspectives from the papers of Harry Wexler, 1945-1962 James Fleming
5. Synergies between numerical weather prediction and general circulation climate models Catherine A. Senior, A. Arribas, A. R. Brown, M. Cullen, T. C. Johns, G. M. Martin, S. F. Milton, D. M. Smith, K. D. Williams and S. Webster
6. Contributions of observational studies to the evaluation and diagnosis of atmospheric GCM simulations Ngar-Cheung Lau
7. Coupling atmospheric general circulation to oceans Kirk Bryan
8. Coupling atmospheric circulation models to bio-physical, bio-chemical, and biological processes at the land surface Robert E. Dickinson
9. The evolution of complexity in general circulation models Dave Randall
10. The co-evolution of climate models and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Richard Somerville
Leo Donner received his Ph.D. in Geophysical Sciences from the University of Chicago in 1983. His research focuses on atmospheric general circulation modeling, especially the treatment of clouds and convective processes. He has served as the science chair of the Global Atmospheric Model Development Team at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at Princeton University and a co-chair of the Atmospheric Model Working Group for the Community Atmospheric Model at NCAR in Boulder, Colorado. These models are often regarded as the two leading atmospheric general circulation models for climate studies in the United States. Leo Donner is also a lecturer in the Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at Princeton University. He serves on the advisory board for the journal Tellus and has been an editor of the Journal of Climate.
Wayne Schubert received his Ph.D. in Atmospheric Science from UCLA in 1973, and then went on to join the faculty of the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University, where he presently teaches graduate-level atmospheric dynamics. His research covers tropical meteorology, atmospheric dynamics and numerical weather prediction. Professor Schubert is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and has served as Co-Chief Editor of the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences and as the AMS Publications Commissioner. He presently serves as an Editor of the Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems.
Richard Somerville is Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Research Professor at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. He received the Ph.D. in Meteorology from New York University in 1966 and has been a Professor at Scripps since 1979. He is a theoretical meteorologist and an expert on climate change. He is a coordinating lead author of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Professor Somerville has received awards from the American Meteorological Society for his research and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the American Meteorological Society.