276 pages, Figs, tabs, maps
Concise, non-technical introduction, covering desertification, deforestation, wetland management, biodiversity, climatic change, air pollution, impact of cities on climate and hydrology, erosion, salinisation, waste disposal, sea level rise, marine pollution, coral reef degradation and aquaculture.
Few readers of this journal, we may hope, will be unfamiliar with Andrew Goudiea s books on the human impact during the last 100 years or so, with an emphasis on the present day rather than the historical picture ... a The Earth Transformeda forms an excellent way of introducing students in many different courses to this highly vital topic. I. G. Simmons, The International Journal of Environmental Studies
Preface. Acknowledgements. Part I: Introduction to the Developing Environmental Impact:. 1. Early Days. 2. Developing Populations. 3. Agricultural Revolutions. 4. Urban and Industrial Revolutions. 5. The Modern Scene. 6. Understanding Environmental Transformations. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part II: The Biosphere:. 7. Introduction. 8. Fire. 9. Desertification. 10. Deforestation. 11. Tropical Secondary Forest Formation. 12. Grasslands and Heathlands: The Human Role. 13. Temperate Forests Under Stress. 14. Urban Ecology. 15. Wetlands: "The Kidneys of the Landscape". 16. Biodiversity and Extinctions. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part III: The Atmosphere:. 17. Introduction. 18. Anthropogenic Climate Change: The Role of Aerosols. The Gulf War Oil Fires. 19. Anthropogenic Climate Change: The Role of Land Cover Changes. 20. The Enhanced Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming. 21. Urban Climates. 22. Urban Air Pollution. 23. Ozone Depletion and Ozone Pollution. 24. Acid Deposition. 25. Conclusion. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part IV: The Waters:. 26. Introduction. 27. River Regulation. 28. Forests and River Flow. 29. The Hydrological Response to Urbanization. 30. Land Drainage. 31. Water Pollution. 32. Eutrophication. 33. Thermal Pollution. 34. Inter--basin Water Transfers and the Death of the Aral Sea. 35. Groundwater Depletion and Groundwater Rise. 36. Conclusion. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part V: The Land Surface: . 37. Introduction. 38. Soil Erosion by Water. 39. Wind Erosion and Dune Reactivation. 40. River Channel Changes. 41. Salinization. 42. Accelerated Landslides. 43. Ground Subsidence. 44. Waste Disposal. 45. Stone Decay in Urban Buildings. 46. Conclusion. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part VI: Oceans, Seas and Coasts: . 47. Introduction. 48. Sea--level Rise. 49. Coastal Erosion. 50. Coastal Flooding. 51. Coastal and Marine Pollution. 52. Coastal Dune Management. 53. Coral Reef Degradation. 54. Aquaculture and Coastal Wetlands. 55. Conclusion. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Part VII: Conclusion:. 56. Introduction. 57. The Complexity of the Human Impact. 58. Towards a Sustainable Future. Key Terms and Concepts. Points for Review. Glossary. References. Index.
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Andrew Goudie is Professor of Geography at the University of Oxford, where he is also Pro--Vice--Chancellor. His previous books include The Human Impact on the Natural Environment, The Human Impact Reader, The Nature of the Environment, and The Changing Earth. Heather Viles is a University Lecturer in Geography and a fellow of Worcester College, University of Oxford.