162 pages, 15 illustrations, 2 tables
The cause of global change has been the subject of heated debate in the past few years, especially in relation to climate change and biodiversity decline. However, a systematic explanation for changes in the biosphere at global level has still to be found. In The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity Decline, a wide range of viewpoints from ecology and economics are surveyed to see if some light can be shed on this problem. Economists analyse how economic growth predictably alters the Earth, and ecologists consider how the drive for fitness and consequent population growth changes the globe. Both look at the institutional interface between humans and biosphere, and explain global change as the consequence of human non-cooperation and conflict. The conclusion is left to the reader: the object of The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity Decline is to initiate debate on global change at this most fundamental level.
"[...] a challenging and stimulating collection of views and opinions, and a useful contribution to a pressing and serious issue."
John C. Bowman, Biologist
List of contributors
1. Why does biodiversity decline? The analysis of forces for global change Timothy M. Swanson
Part I. Diversity Decline as Choice of Development Path
2. Incentives, development and population: a growth-theoretic perspective Jeffrey A. Krautkraemer
3. Biodiversity, economic growth and the discount rate Bob Rowthorn and Gardner Brown
4. Uniformity in development and the decline of biological diversity Timothy M. Swanson
Part II. Diversity Decline as Institutional Failure
5. Decline in biodiversity and risk-adjusted net national product John M. Hartwick
6. Biodiversity conservation as insurance Charles Perrings
7. Property rights, externalities and biodiversity Roger A. Sedjo and R. David Simpson
Part III. Diversity Decline as Policy Failure
8. Economic progress and habitat conservation in Latin America Douglas Southgate
9. Prudence and profligacy: a human ecological perspective Madhav Gadgil
10. Tropical deforestation: population, poverty and biodiversity Norman Myers
Part IV. Diversity Decline as Consequence of Development
11. Human population dynamics and biodiversity loss Fraser D. M. Smith, Gretchen C. Daily and Paul R. Ehrlich
12. Scale and the feedback mechanism in market economics Colin W. Clark
13. Can economics protect biodiversity? Jonathan Roughgardern
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