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Since the 1970s, the USA's Endangered Species Act (ESA), by virtue of its regulatory impact, has been a frequent subject of policy analysis. In this comprehensive history and critique of the ESA, Brian Czech and Paul R. Krausman incorporate the new model of policy design theory to frame a larger discussion about conservation biology and American democracy. Czech and Krausman provide a historical background of endangered species policy that integrates natural history, socioeconomic trends, political movements and professional developments. Outlining the controversies surrounding the ESA, they find a connection between challenges to species conservation and challenges to democracy. After an assessment of ESA analyses that have been performed from traditional perspectives, they engage policy design theory to review the structural logic of the ESA, analyzing each clause of the legislation for its application of the fundamental elements of democracy. To address the technical legitimacy of ESA, they propose two new genetic considerations - functional genome size and molecular clock speed - to supplement phylogenetic distinctiveness as criteria with which to prioritize species for conservation. Next, they systematically describe the socioeconomic context of ESA by assessing and classifying the causes of species endangerment. A hybrid of policy analysis and ecological assessment, this work should appeal to scholars and students in the fields of natural resource policy and law, conservation biology, political science, wildlife ecology, and environmental history, and to professionals at agencies involved in wildlife conservation.
Contents: List of Figures and Tables Preface and Acknowledgments PART 1: SETTING THE STAGE 1 The Endangered: Species, Acts, and Democracy 2 A History of Endangered Species in the United States 3 Statutory, Administrative, and Academic Evolution of the Endangered Species Act 4 Traditional Analyses of the Endangered Species Act PART 2: A POLICY DESIGN ANALYSIS OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 5 Policy Elements of the Endangered Species Act 6 Social Construction of Endangered Species Act Targets 7 Technical Legitimacy of the Endangered Species Act 8 Context of the Endangered Species Act 9 Implications of the Endangered Species Act for Democracy 10 Property Rights of the Endangered Species Act 11 Summary and Recommendations Appendix 1 Clause-specific Assumptions of ESA Authors Appendix 2 Common and Latin Names of Species Mentioned in the Text Appendix 3 Legal Citations References Index
Brian Czech is a conservation biologist with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and is the author of Shoveling Fuel for a Runaway Train: Errant Economists, Shameful Spenders, and a Plan to Stop Them All. Paul R. Krausman is a professor of wildlife science and associate director of the Arizona Agriculture Experiment Station at the University of Arizona. His previous books include Rangeland Wildlife and Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America (co-edited).
This book is concisely written and reads easily,... uniquely covers the social and political contexts of the ESA... [and] provides insight into the controversies surrounding [it]... It provokes thoughtful consideration of the ESA, it logically organizes ESA issues, and it boldy recommends improvements. -- K. Shawn Smallwood Environmental Conservation Interesting for anyone concerned about the preservation of species and, more generally, the global environment... a good explanation of the statute, a wonderful and often entertaining description of how we view and rank nonhuman species, and a provocative critique of the very policy analytic framework the authors have employed. -- Joseph F. C. DiMento Environment This book examines many different aspects of the ESA and would be of interst to anyone concerned with the ESA. American Fisheries Society The Endangered Species Act provides plenty of insight, a fresh policy model, and a new perspective on the ESA that shoudl attract and challenge historians, envronmentalists, and policy makers. -- Dr. Jason Krupar Environmental History