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Phthalate esters are an important class of chemicals widely used in commercial applications, primarily as plasticizers to soften vinyl, but they are also used in consumer products. This book reviews the state of the scientific knowledge of phthalate esters in the environment. Key information reported includes: analytical methodologies; a compilation of concentration measurements in water, sediment, soil, air, dust, and food; plus an assessment of critical exposure pathways. In addition, key physical properties data and fate characteristics that control exposure are reviewed. Also included are pertinent ecotoxicity data and mammalian toxicity and human health information. Finally, the monograph addresses potential environmental risks.
M.K. Stanley, K.A. Robillard, C.A. Staples: Introduction.- F. David, P. Sandra, B. Tienpont, F. Vanwalleghem, M. Ikonomou: Analytical Methods Review.- I. Cousins, D. Mackay: Physical-Chemical Properties and Evaluative Fate Modeling of Phthalate Esters.-D. Peterson: Degradation of Phthalate Esters in the Environment.- K. Clark: Observed Concentrations in the Environment.- I.T. Cousins, D. Mackay: Multimedia Mass Balance Modeling of Two Phthalate Esters Using the Regional Population-Based Model (RPM).-F.A.P.C. Gobas, C.E. Mackintosh, G. Webster, M. Ikonomou: Bioaccumulation of Phthalate Esters in Aquatic Food-Webs.- K. Clark: Assessment of Critical Exposure Pathways.- C. Bradlee, P. Thomas: Aquatic Toxicity of Phthalate Esters.- R.M. David, G. Gans: Summary of Mammalian Toxicology and Health Effects for Phthalate Esters.- T. Parkerton: an Assessment of the Potential Environmental Risks Posed by Phthalates in Soil and Sediment.