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About this book
About this book
Explores the mental differences between gorillas and orangutans, and compares them directly with human children to explore how human intelligence might have evolved. Introductory chapters set the evolutionary context for comparing cognition in gorillas and orangutans to that of chimpanzees, bonobos and humans. The remaining chapters focus primarily on the kinds and levels of intelligence displayed by orangutans and gorillas compared to other great apes, including performances in the classic domains of tool use and tool making, imitation, self-awareness, social communication and symbol use.
List of contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; Part I. Comparative Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Gorillas and Orangutans: 1. Hominid family values: morphological and molecular data on relations among the great apes and humans David R. Begun; 2. The life history and development of great apes in comparative perspective Sue T. Parker; 3. The frontal lobes of the great apes with a focus on the gorilla and the orangutan Katerina Semendeferi; Part II. Cognition and Tool Use in Gorillas and Orangutans: 4. Intelligent tool use in wild Sumatran orangutans Elizabeth A. Fox, Arnold F. Sitompul and Carel P. van Schaik; 5. Orangutans' imitation of tool use: a cognitive interpretation Anne E. Russon; 6. Object manipulation and skill organization in the complex food preparation of mountain gorillas Richard W. Byrne; 7. Development of sensorimotor intelligence in infant gorillas: the manipulation of objects in problem-solving and exploration Juan C. Gomez; 8. Tool use in captive gorillas Sarah T. Boysen, Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Peter Halliday and Yolanda M. Halliday; 9. A survey of tool use in zoo gorillas Sue T. Parker, Mary Kerr, Hal Markowitz and Jay Gould; Part III. Communication in Gorillas and Orangutans: 10. Symbolic communication with and by great apes H. Lyn Miles; 11. The development of spontaneous gestural communication in a group of zoo-living lowland gorillas Joanne E. Tanner and Richard W. Byrne; 12. Early sign-language acquisition: comparisons between children and gorillas John B. Bonvillian and Francine G. P. Patterson; 13. Early sign performance in a free-ranging, adult orangutan Gary L. Shapiro and Birute M. F. Galdikas; Part IV. Social Cognition in Gorillas and Orangutans: 14. Comparative aspects of mirror self-recognition in great apes Karyl B. Swartz, Dena Sarauw, and Sian Evans; 15. Deception and concealment as strategic script violation in great apes and humans Robert W. Mitchell; 16. Levels of imitation and cognitive mechanisms in orangutans Joseph Call; 17. Parental encouragement in Gorilla in comparative perspective: implications for social cognition and the evolution of teaching Andrew Whiten; 18. The development of social roles in the play of an infant gorilla and its relationship to sensorimotor intellectual development Sue T. Parker; Part V. Epilogue: 19. The mentalities of gorillas and orangutans in phlyogenetic perspective Sue T. Parker and Robert W. Mitchell, Index of authors; Index of subjects.
419 pages, 29 b/w illus, 30 figs, 49 tabs
'! this book contains much valuable information on gorillas' and orang-utans' mental life.' Animal Behaviour '! and the present volume will go a long way towards bringing gorillas and orangutans back into the limelight of modern comparative cognition. For that the editors and contributors should be commended.' James R. Anderson, The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology