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Face reality. Think the unthinkable. Be intellectually honest and politically realistic about what is happening to the overwhelming majority of people in Third World countries. With a very few exceptions, development has not come. Nor is it going to. The necessary investment cannot take the strain. Instead we already see states collapsing into "ungovernable chaotic entities" under the control of warlords, drug traffickers, and mafias. State-driven, communist and neo-liberal development models have all failed most of the people all the time. Most countries are not in the process of becoming Newly Industrialised Countries (NICs), but Non-viable National Economies (NNEs). What then is to be done? The wealth of nations agenda must be replaced by a survival of nations agenda. To prevent increasing disorders, many countries will have to abandon dreams of development and adopt instead a policy of national survival based on the research for water, food and energy security and the stabilisation of their populations.
Part 1 The twilight of the nation-state: quasi nation-states; perforated sovereignties; powerless powers; vicarious power. Part 2 Global empowerment and national impoverishment: the new global aristocracy; the supranational clergy; the international third estate. Part 3 International Darwinism: from Adam Smith to Charles Darwin; the global jungle; adjustment without modernisation; de-proletarisation; de-materialisation. Part 4 The search for El Dorado: thinking the unthinkable; Non-viable National Economies (NNEs); non-development. Part 5 Worldwide depredation: treatment as a different species; Ungovernable Chaotic Entities (UCEs); pacification and intensive care. Part 6 Survival: the decisive factors; the pact for survival.
OSWALDO DE RIVERO is a former Peruvian diplomat and ex-Ambassador to the United Nations. He led the Peruvian delegation during the Uruguay Round of GATT world trade negotiations. He now lives in Geneva and works as a consultant.
Bristling with new ideas... absolutely must be read - Le Monde Diplomatique "A useful tool for understanding the enormous problems that have to be faced by the world's poverty-stricken, exploding urban populations" - Javier Perez de Cueller, former UN Secretary-General"