This book presents an updated view of the Philippines, focusing on thematic issues rather than a description region by region. Topics include typhoons, population growth, economic difficulties, agrarian reform, migration as an economic strategy, the growth of Manila, the Muslim question in Mindanao, the South China Sea tensions with China and the challenges of risk, vulnerability and sustainable development.
PART 1 - Land, history and people.- Chapter 1 7107 islands.- Sea and land intertwined : the terraqueous character of the Philippines.- Mountainous islands from the Ring of Fire.- The high level of maritimity of the archipelago.- Chapter 2 A tropical archipelago.- General characteristics of the Philippine climate.- Amihan and habagat.- Typhoons.- Chapter 3 The Spanish creation of the Philippines: the birth of a nation.- Pre-Hispanic Philippines.- Spanish exploration and conquest.- Spanish colonization in the Philippines.- The Philippine Revolution.- Chapter 4 From US colony to independent country: the construction of a State.- The American colonization of the Philippines.- The independence of the Philippines.- Chapter 5 100 million Filipinos.- The rising number of Filipinos.- A slower population growth and its expected benefits.- The health status of the Philippine population.- Chapter 6 The diversity of the Philippine population.- The linguistic diversity.- Indigenous minorities in the Philippines.- The Chinese in the Philippines.- PART 2 - The Philippines in the global economy.- Chapter 7 Emerging tiger ? The paradoxes of the Philippine economy.- A laggard country.- A declining position in Asia.- A country seen as difficult to do business in.- Innovation and higher education : a mediocre performance in international surveys.- An unusual structure of employment.- The "informal" economy.- Growth without development ?.- Chapter 8 Farm productions and rural landscapes.- Farms and crops.- Rice in the Philippines.- Corn : the second staple crop.- Three major export crops.- Animal husbandry in the Philippines.- Chapter 9 The Philippine agriculture : weaknesses and controversies.- Sugar haciendas.- Agrarian reform.- Insuring a rice self-sufficiency for the Philippines.- The issues of land conversion and environmental degradation.- Chapter 10 The use and abuse of sea resources.- Fish and fisheries.- Aquaculture in the Philippines.- Protecting a rich marine environment under threat.- Chapter 11 Industry vs. Services.- The failed industrialization of the Philippines.- The rise of services.- Chapter 12 Global Pinoys: the archipelago of migration.- A worldwide Filipino presence.- The role of the Philippine government in international migration.- Assessing the impact of international migration on the Philippines.- The risks of dependence : a "slave nation" ?.- PART 3 - Regional organization and spatial planning.- Chapter 13 The spatial structure of the Philippines: urbanization and regional inequalities.- Administrative divisions of the Philippines.- From rural to urban: patterns of urbanization in the Philippines.- From the colonial to the modern city: housing forms and urban landscapes.- Regional disparities and hierarchies.- Chapter 14 Transportation in the Philippines.- Navigating the Philippines.- Air transport in the Philippines.- Rail transport.- Bus transport in the Philippines.- Local transportation in the Philippines.- Towards a better transport system?.- Chapter 15 The growth of Greater Manila.- The Spanish colonial city : Intramuros.- American Manila: the Burnham plans.- The new capital: Quezon City.- From Manila to the megacity of Metro Manila.- Transportation networks in Manila.- A multicentered metropolis.- Vignettes of the Manila metropolitan area.- Chapter 16 Managing Metro Manila.- The challenge of floods.- The challenge of housing : squatters and urban development.- The challenge of daily mobility.- Manila as a sustainable and smart green city: an impossible dream?.- Towards a better metropolitan governance?.- Chapter 17 Regional development policies in the Philippines.- The evolution of regional planning in the Philippines.- Clark and Subic: from the US military to national development centers.- Cebu, the Philippines' second city.- New directions in planning?.- PART 4 - Challenges for the Philippines.- Chapter 18 Towards a Bangsamoro in Mindanao ?.- Early Islam in Mindanao.- The Moros in colonial times.- The 20th century settlement of Filipinos in Mindanao.- Jihad or negotiations ?.- The Sultanate of Sulu in Sabah.- The root of conflict in Mindanao : Islam, ethnicity or poverty ?.- Chapter 19 South China Sea or West Philippine Sea ?.- General principles of the Law of the Seas.- Cross-claims on the waters of the South China Sea.- Challenges of the Spratly Islands and intensifying disputes.- The militarization of the islands.- Internationalization and Filipinization of the dispute.- Chapter 20 It's more fun in the Philippines ? The challenges of tourism in the Philippines.- Visitors to the Philippines.- Assets of the Philippines for tourism.- The weaknesses of Philippine tourism development.- Opportunities and pro-tourism policies.- Threats and failures.- Local impacts of tourism in the Philippines.- Chapter 21 Environmental challenges in the Philippines.- A most exposed and vulnerable country.- Earthquake and tsunami risks: towards mitigation policies?.- Environmental degradation.- From vulnerability to resilience.- Conclusion: Towards sustainable development in the Philippines?
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Yves Boquet was trained as a history and geography teacher in France and worked for 17 years in the Washington DC area before coming back to France as an assistant professor at Universite de Picardie in Amiens and then full professor at Universite de Bourgogne. He has also held temporary guest positions at University of Maryland-College Park, University of Louisville, University of the Philippines and Lyceum of the Philippines University. Professor Boquet is currently the Secretary General of the Association of French Geographers and Secreatary of the IGU commission on Geography of Transportation. His topics of interest are transportation and large megalopolises) and countries of research the United States, then the Philippines and China.