All Shops

Go to British Wildlife

6 issues per year 84 pages per issue Subscription only

British Wildlife is the leading natural history magazine in the UK, providing essential reading for both enthusiast and professional naturalists and wildlife conservationists. Published six times a year, British Wildlife bridges the gap between popular writing and scientific literature through a combination of long-form articles, regular columns and reports, book reviews and letters.

Subscriptions from £25 per year

Conservation Land Management

4 issues per year 44 pages per issue Subscription only

Conservation Land Management (CLM) is a quarterly magazine that is widely regarded as essential reading for all who are involved in land management for nature conservation, across the British Isles. CLM includes long-form articles, events listings, publication reviews, new product information and updates, reports of conferences and letters.

Subscriptions from £18 per year
Academic & Professional Books  Evolutionary Biology  Human Evolution & Anthropology

The Smart Neanderthal Cave Art, Bird Catching & the Cognitive Revolution

By: Clive Finlayson(Author)
236 pages, 4 plates with 8 colour photos; 10 b/w photos
The Smart Neanderthal
Click to have a closer look
Select version
  • The Smart Neanderthal ISBN: 9780198797524 Hardback Feb 2019 In stock
Selected version: £19.99
About this book Contents Customer reviews Biography Related titles

About this book

Since the late 1980s the dominant theory of human origins has been that a 'cognitive revolution' (C.50,000 years ago) led to the advent of our species, Homo sapiens. As a result of this revolution our species spread and eventually replaced all existing archaic Homo species, ultimately leading to the superiority of modern humans.

Or so we thought.

As Clive Finlayson explains, the latest advances in genetics prove that there was significant interbreeding between Modern Humans and the Neanderthals. All non-Africans today carry some Neanderthal genes. We have also discovered aspects of Neanderthal behaviour that indicate that they were not cognitively inferior to modern humans, as we once thought, and in fact had their own rituals and art. Finlayson, who is at the forefront of this research, recounts the discoveries of his team, providing evidence that Neanderthals caught birds of prey, and used their feathers for symbolic purposes. There is also evidence that Neanderthals practised other forms of art, as the recently discovered engravings in Gorham's Cave Gibraltar indicate.

Linking all the recent evidence, The Smart Neanderthal casts a new light on the Neanderthals and the 'Cognitive Revolution'. Finlayson argues that there was no revolution and, instead, modern behaviour arose gradually and independently among different populations of Modern Humans and Neanderthals. Some practices were even adopted by Modern Humans from the Neanderthals. Finlayson overturns classic narratives of human origins, and raises important questions about who we really are.



1: Nana and flint
2: Neanderthals and birds
3: Lessons from the Arctic
4: The long-tailed duck
5: The white ghost
6: Gibraltar
7: The dynamic world of dunes
8: Lakes and plains
9: The great auk
10: Big eyes
11: Digging in the cave
12: Neanderthal real estate
13: Of seals and limpets
14: Birds of a feather
15: The golden eagle
16: Ambushing the scavengers
17: The big six
18: How to skin a vulture
19: Pigeons and choughs
20: Feeding the vultures
21: The hashtag and the end of the long road to Neanderthal emancipation

Appendix 1 Bird Names used in the Text
Appendix 2 Mammal Names used in the Text

Further reading

Customer Reviews


Clive Finlayson is an evolutionary biologist whose research areas focus on birds and the behavioural ecology of Neanderthals. He has been the Director of Excavations at Neanderthal sites in Gibraltar since 1989, and has been involved in major recent discoveries, including that of the first known engraving made by a Neanderthal. A regular contributor to BBC News Online (Science and Environment), he is also the author of several books, including The Improbable Primate (OUP, 2014) and The Humans Who Went Extinct (OUP, 2010). He was elected to the Academia Europaea in 2010.

By: Clive Finlayson(Author)
236 pages, 4 plates with 8 colour photos; 10 b/w photos
Current promotions
Field Guide SaleLittle Toller BooksBritish WildlifeNest Box Price List 2019