The Vegetation Types of Northeast Greenland is based on 347 vegetation analyses carried out in 1931-35 by Th. Sørensen in the 72°-74°N area, supplemented by 136 recent analyses from 74°N and field observations northwards to 79°N, the vegetation types of NE.Greenland are described. Further to phanerogams, the mosses and a few lichens are determined in 274 of the 347 analyses.
The most characteristic vegetation types present in this middle-arctic area are:
1. Dwarfshrub heaths dominated by Cassiope tetragona, Salix arctica, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. microphyllum or Betula nana, depending on soil and duration of snow cover.
2. Grasslands, drying out during summer, characterised by Arctagrostis latifolia, Carex bigelowii, C. misandra, and Eriophorum triste.
3. Permanently wet fens with Carex stans, Eriophorum scheuchzeri, and Arctagrostis latifolia.
4. Snowbeds, the late ones characterised by Phippsia algida, the moderately late by Salix herbacea, and the few early herb-slope like snowbeds by Trisetum spicatum and Erigeron humilis.
5. Open, graminoid Dryas-heaths and fell-fields on dry soil with Carex nardina, C. rupestris, and Kobresia myosuroides.
6. Fell-fields with Calamagrostis purpurascens and Carex supina ssp. spaniocarpa.
7. Species rich communities on wet ground, covered by organic crust, characterised by Koenigia islandica and Festuca hyperborea.
8. Halophytic vegetations with Puccinellia phryganodes and Carex subspathacea.
Soil samples have been analyzed for nine factors for the major part of the 347 analyses. The plant to soil relationship is illustrated for the 109 most frequent phanerogam species, for the 40 of these to all nine factors, for the 69 only to pH and conductivity.
Sørensen arranged his analyses in 41 phytosociological groups according to his similarity coefficient - the "Sørensen index". These groups form the basis of the phytosociological classification according to the Braun-Blanquet system. The vegetation units are grouped into 13 associations, of which 7 are new, subdivided into a number of new, lower phytosociological units. These are grouped in the alliances Saxifrago-Ranunculion nivalis, Caricion atrofusco - saxatilis, Dryadion integrifoliae, Veronico-Poion glaucae, and Puccinellion phryganodis. Two synoptical tables summarizes the frequency of 135 phanerogams and 99 cryptogams, mainly mosses, in 42 phytosociological units.
2. Investigation area
3. Material and methods
4. All. saxifrago-ranunculion nivalis
5. All. caricon atrofusco-saxatilis
6. All. dryadion integrifoliae
7. All. veronico-poion glaucae
8. All. puccinellion phryganodis
9. Concluding remarks
11. Survey of alliances and lower syntaxionomical units