Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Natural Resources is a unique, multidisciplinary, effort to apply rigorous thermodynamics fundamentals, a disciplined scholarly approach, to problems of sustainability, energy and resource uses. Applying thermodynamic thinking to problems of sustainable behavior is a significant advantage in bringing order to ill-defined questions with a great variety of proposed solutions, some of which are more destructive than the original problem.
The articles are pitched at a level accessible to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in courses on sustainability, sustainable engineering, industrial ecology, sustainable manufacturing and green engineering. The timeliness of the topic and the urgent need for solutions make Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Natural Resources attractive to general readers and specialist researchers as well. Top international figures from many disciplines, including engineers, ecologists, economists, physicists, chemists, policy experts and industrial ecologists among others make up the impressive list of contributors.
Introduction Bhavik R. Bakshi, Timothy Gutowski and Dušan Sekulić
Part I. Foundations
1. Thermodynamics: generalized available energy and availability or exergy Elias Gyftopoulos
2. Energy and exergy: does one need both concepts for a study of resources use? Dušan Sekulić
3. Accounting for resource use via thermodynamics Bhavik R. Bakshi, Anil Baral and Jorge L. Hau
Part II. Products and Processes
4. Material separation and recycling Timothy Gutowski
5. Entropy based metric for transformational technologies development Dušan Sekulić
6. Thermodynamic analysis of resources used in manufacturing processes Timothy Gutowski and Dušan Sekulić
7. Case studies in energy use to realize ultra-high purities in semiconductor manufacturing Eric Williams, Nikhil Krishnan and Sarah Boyd
8. Energy resources and use: the present (2008) situation, possible sustainable paths to the future and the thermodynamic perspective Noam Lior
Part III. Life Cycle Assessments and Metrics
9. Using thermodynamics and statistics to improve the quality of life cycle inventory data Bhavik R. Bakshi, Hangjoon Kim and Prem K. Goel
10. Developing sustainable technology: metrics from thermodynamics Geert Van der Vorst, Jo Dewulf and Herman Van Langenhove
11. Entropy production and resource consumption in life cycle assessments Stefan Gossling-Reisemann
12. Exergy and material flow in industrial and ecological systems Nandan Ukidwe and Bhavik R. Bakshi
13. Materials flow analysis and input-output analysis: a synthesis Shinichiro Nakamura
Part IV. Economic, Social Industrial, Eco Systems
14. Early development of input-output analysis of energy and ecologic systems Bruce Hannon
15. Exergoeconomics and exergoenvironmental analysis George Tsatsaronis
16. Entropy, economics and policy Matthias Ruth
17. Integration and segregation in a population - a thermodynamicist's view Mueller Ingo
18. Exergy use in ecosystems analysis: background and challenges Roberto Pastres and Brian D. Fath
19. Thoughts on the application of thermodynamics to the development of sustainability science Timothy Gutowski, Dušan Sekulić and Bhavik R. Bakshi
Bhavik R. Bakshi holds a dual appointment as a Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Ohio State University and Vice Chancellor and Professor of Energy and Environment at TERI University, New Delhi. He is also the Research Director of the Center for Resilience at Ohio State. From 2006 to 2010, he was a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Chemical Technology in Mumbai, India. He has written over 100 refereed publications in areas such as process systems engineering and sustainability science and engineering.
Timothy G. Gutowski is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was the Director of MIT's Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity (1994-2004) and the Associate Department Head of Mechanical Engineering (2001-2005). From 1999 to 2001, he was Chairman of the National Science Foundation and Department of Energy's Panel on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing. He is the author of the book Advanced Composites Manufacturing, holds seven patents and patent applications, and has authored more than 150 technical publications.
Dušan P. Sekulić is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Kentucky. He is a fellow of ASME. Dr Sekulic is a consulting professor at the Harbin Institute of Technology, PR China. He is the author of over 150 refereed research publications, more than a dozen book chapters and the book Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design (jointly with R. K. Shah), published in English and in Chinese. He is also the editor of the book Advances in Brazing: Science, Technology and Applications.