Studying the Ocean Planet requires measuring and sampling instruments to feed models that take into account its complexity. Tools for Oceanography and Ecosystemic Modeling presents the diversity of observation and monitoring techniques at various scales, but also different kinds of model that take into account some conceptual schemes incorporating various scientific knowledge.
Sampling is approached via the efficiency of fishing gears; underwater acoustics is used to detect, count, identify and listen to live and mobile living resources. Bio-logging allows us to rely on the behavior of marine animals to help investigate environments that are difficult to sample by conventional means, while listing the physiological changes they undergo.
Modeling is presented not only in a functional framework, but also in an exploratory design incorporating various scenarios for ecosystem changes under the pressure of global change.
This ninth volume completes the Seas and Oceans Set that adopts a transversal approach leading to the governance and sustainable management of the marine environment.
Chapter 1. For a Systemic and Transdisciplinary Approach to the Environment 1
Chapter 2. Vulnerability to Global Change: Observation Strategies for the Marine Environment 19
Chapter 3. Fishing Technology for Fisheries Research 75
Chapter 4. Acoustics to Detect and Measure Underwater Organisms 113
Chapter 5. “Bio-logging” as a Tool to Study and Monitor Marine Ecosystems, or How to Spy on Sea Creatures 143
Chapter 6. Modeling Strategies for Ecosystems 175
Chapter 7. The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries: Reconciling Conservation and Exploitation 221
Chapter 8. Modeling in Contemporary Sciences: Efficiency and Limits Examples from Oceanography 313
List of Authors 337