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This volume, Transgenic Crops VI, includes the following broad topic sections: Oils and Fibers, Medicinal Crops, Ornamental Crops, Forages and Grains, Regulatory and Intellectual Property of Genetically Manipulated Plants. It is an invaluable reference for plant breeders, researchers and graduate students in the fields of plant biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, forestry, genetics, and both plant cell and molecular biology.
Genetic engineering is a powerful tool for crop improvement. The status of crop biotechnology before 2001 was reviewed in Transgenic Crops I-III, but recent advances in plant cell and molecular biology have prompted the need for new volumes.
Section I Oils and Fibers I.1 Soybean P.M. OLHOFT and D.A. SOMERS 1 Introduction 2 Somatic Embryogenesis 3 Organogenesis 4 Other Regeneration and Transformation Methods 5 Conclusions References I.2 Canola V. CARDOZA and C.N. STEWART, JR. 1 Introduction 2 Economic Importance of Canola 3 Molecular Genetics of Rapeseed 4 Tissue Culture of Canola 5 Transformation of Canola 6 Transgenic Traits 7 Impact of Transgenic Plants 8 Conclusions References I.3 Sunflower G. LU, X. HU and D.L. BIDNEY 1 Introduction 2 Tissue Culture and Transformation 3 Genomics and Molecular Biology 4 Transgenic Improved Input Agronomic Traits 5 Transgenic Output Quality Traits 6 Gene Flow and Biosafety 7 Concluding Remarks References I.4 Oil Palm A. RIVAL 1 Introduction 2 Economic Importance 3 The Impact of Biotechnologies in Breeding Strategies 4 Advances in Tissue Culture 5 Genetic Transformation Technologies 6 Transgenic Plants for Oil Palm Improvement 7 Conclusion and Perspectives References I.5 Peanut P. OZIAS-AKINS 1 Introduction 2 Applications of Molecular Markers 3 Peanut Transformation 4 Conclusions References I.6 Cotton K.S. Rathore 1 Introduction 2 Importance of Genetic Engineering in Cotton 3 Modification of Cotton via Transgenic Means 4 Transformation Methods 5 Alternative Methods of Transformation 6 Selectable Marker Genes Used for Creating Transgenic Cotton 7 Reporter Genes Used in Cotton 8 Traits Introduced into Cotton through Transgenic Means 9 New Technological Advances and Their Role in Improving Cotton 10 Future Perspective References I.7 Flax A. PRETOV , B. OBERT and Z. BARTOSOVA 1 Introduction 2 Tissue and Organ Culture 3 Somatic Embryogenesis 4 Protoplast and Cell Suspension Cultures 5 Anther, Microspore and Ovary Cultures 6 Gene Transfer in Flax 7 Potential Applications of Transgenic Flax 8 Molecular Markers 9 Concluding Remarks and Further Prospects References Section II Medicinal Crops II.1 Gingseng Y. E. CHOI 1 Introduction 2 Cell Culture of P. ginseng 3 Hairy Root Culture of P. ginseng 4 Adventitious Root Culture in P. ginseng 5 Plant Regeneration of P. ginseng via Organogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis 6 Genetic Transformation and Metabolic Engineering 7 Genomics in P. ginseng 8 Concluding Remarks References II.2 Opium Poppy J.M. HAGEL, B.P. MACLEOD and P.J. FACCHINI 1 Introduction 2 Origins and History 3 Modern Cultivation 4 Classical Breeding 5 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 6 Biotechnology 7 Future Prospects References II.3 Henbane, Belladonna, Datura and Duboisia R. ARROO, J. WOOLLEY and K-M. OKSMAN-CALDENTEY 1 Introduction 2 Tropane Alkaloids, Uses and Outlook 3 Economic Importance of Tropane Alkaloid Containing Crops 4 Tropane Alkaloid Biosynthetic Pathway 5 Current Research and Development in Transgenic Technology 6 Use of Hairy Root Cultures for Tropane Alkaloid Production 7 Novel Developments and Future Challenges References II.4 Taxus spp. M.T. PI OL, R.M. CUSIDA", J. PALAZA"N, and M. BONFILL 1 Introduction 2 Biosynthesis of Taxol 3 In Vitro Culture 4 Conclusions and Prospects References Section III Ornamental Crops III.1 Roses S.S. KORBAN 1 Introduction 2 Advances in Molecular Markers for Genetic Studies and Breeding 3 Cloning and Characterization of Genes of Economic Value 4 Advances in Genetic Transformation and Recovery of Transgenic Plants 5 Conclusions References III.2 Carnation M. MOYAL-BEN ZVI and A. VAINSTEIN 1 Introduction 2 Recent Developments in Carnation Biotechnology 3 Conclusions References III.3 Chrysanthemum P.B. VISSER, R.A. de MAAGD and M.A. JONGSMA 1 Introduction 2 Chrysanthemum Transformation 3 Future Outlook References III.4 Orchids Y. XU and H. YU 1 Introduction 2 Genetic Transformation of Orchids 3 Potential Genes for Genetic Engineering of Orchids References III.5 Gladiolus K. KAMO and Y.H. JOUNG 1 Introduction 2 Tissue Culture 3 Genetic Transformation 4 Promoters and Gene Expression 5 Resistance to Bean Yellow Mosaic Virus 6 Resistance to Cucumber Mosaic Virus 7 Future Studies References III.6 Forsythia C. ROSATI, A. CADIC, M. DURON and P. SIMONEAU 1 Botanical Origin and Genetic Information 2 Genetic Resources and Breeding Programs 3 In Vitro Culture 4 Forsythia Biotechnology Research 5 Conclusions References Section IV Forages and Grains IV.1 Alfalfa C. SENGUPTA-GOPALAN 1 Introduction and Economic Importance 2 Breeding 3 Genomics 4 Genetic Engineering 5 Conclusions References IV.2 Clovers A. MOURADOV, S. PANTER, M. EMMERLING, M. LABANDERA, E. LUDLOW, J. SIMMONDS and G. SPANGENBERG 1 Introduction 2 Improvement of Forage Quality by Modification of Secondary Metabolism 3 Improvement of Tolerance to Abiotic and Biotic Stresses 4 Functional Genomics and Metabolomics as Key Technologies for Characterisation and Modification of Natural Product Biosynthesis 5 Conclusions, Challenges and Future Developments References IV.3 Tall Fescue Z-Y. WANG and G. SPANGENBERG 1 Introduction 2 Economic Importance 3 Current Research and Development 4 Practical Applications of Transgenic Plants 5 Conclusions and Future Challenges References IV.4 Ryegrasses Y. RAN, C. RAMAGE, S. FELITTI, M. EMMERLING, J. CHALMERS, N. CUMMINGS, N. PETROVSKA, A. MOURADOV and G. SPANGENBERG 1 Introduction 2 Economic Importance 3 Current Research and Development 4 Practical Applications of Transgenic Plants 5 Conclusions and Future Challenges References IV.5 Lupins L.M. TABE and L. MOLVIG 1 Introduction 2 Genetic Transformation of Lupins 3 Lupin Improvement through Biotechnology 4 Future Prospects References Section V Regulatory and Intellectual Property of GM Plants V.1 Freedom to Commercialize Transgenic Plant Products -- Regulatory and Intellectual Property Issues S. CHANDLER and J. ROSENTHAL 1 Introduction 2 Intellectual Property 3 Regulatory Approval 4 Conclusion References