This is the first comprehensive look at the taxonomy, life history, and conservation status of the world's trout and char. These are fascinating and beautiful fish that rate high for the angler as well as for tourist and recreational economies. Trout and char also play key roles in the ecology of many lake and river systems around the world.
Trout and char are abundant in many regions, but most native species are on the decline. Some are classified as vulnerable, threatened, or endangered. Because of their widespread stocking in regions where they are not native, some trout and char also are the cause for threats to other native species. Loss of habitat, an expanding human population, and rapid climate change are challenging their future as streams warm and waters become more variable in their flows. This book examines trout and char from all these perspectives.
Early chapters explore the unique diversity and life history aspects of trout and char and provide information on the taxonomy and systematics while also detailing some of unique life histories. New information is presented about species diversity and distributions by country. Summary chapters explore significant conservation and management challenges of broad interest to scientists, resource managers, anglers, and interested public. Trout and Char of the World end s with a series of essays exploring the future of trout and char over the next 50 years.
Trout and Char of the World will be a primary resource for trout and char biologists, conservationists, and anglers in the many countries where trout and char are native or have been introduced, and a resource for anyone interested in learning more about the diversity and distribution of trout and char worldwide.
1. Introduction: Why Trout and Char (Jeffrey L. Kershner, Jack E. Williams, Robert E. Gresswell, and Javier Lóbon-Cerviá)
2. Origins, Species Diversity, and Ecological Diversification in Trout and Char (Ernest R. Keeley)
3. Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Three Trout Biologists Who Shaped Our Understanding of Trout and Trout Streams (Kurt D. Fausch, James Prosek, and Kevin R. Bestgen)
4. The Cultural Currents and Social Values of Trout (Jen C. Brown, Kenneth H. Lokensgard, Samuel Snyder, and Malcolm Draper)
5. Trout and Char: Taxonomy, Systematics, and Phylogeography (Andrew R. Whiteley, Brooke E. Penaluna, Eric B. Taylor, Steve Weiss, Alicia Abadia-Cardoso, Daniel Gomez-Uchida, Itsuro Koizumi, and Patrick Trotter)
6. Life History Diversity (Bror Jonsson, Nina Jonsson, and Robert E. Gresswell)
7. Distribution and Status of Trout and Char in North America (Phaedra Budy, Kevin B. Rogers, Yoichiro Kanno, Brooke E. Penaluna, Nathaniel P. Hitt, Gary P. Thiede, Jason Dunham, Chad Mellison, William L. Somer, and James DeRito)
8. Native Trout of Mexico: Treasures of the Sierra Madre (Dean A. Hendrickson and Joseph R. Tomelleri)
9. Trout and Char of South America (Ivan Arismendi, Brooke E. Penaluna, Daniel Gomez-Uchida, Cecilia Di Prinzio, Douglas Rodríguez-Olarte, Fernando M. Carvajal-Vallejos, José Iván Mojica, Rosana Mazzoni, Victor Cussac, Mabel Maldonado, Erica Pellegrini Caramaschi, América J. Zeballos, Andrea Villalba, Paul A. Van Damme, Leslie Córdova, Ricardo Iglesias-Rios, Diego Cañas-Rojas, Mauricio Cañas-Merino, Javiera N. Benavente, Mónica Núñez-Flores, Selim S. Musleh, and Pablo Savaria)
10. Trout and Char of the North Atlantic Isles (Andrew Ferguson, Colin E. Adams, Magnús Jóhannsson, Fiona Kelly, R. Andrew King, Peter Maitland, Ian McCarthy, Martin O’Grady, Paulo A. Prodöhl, Skúli Skúlason, Eric Verspoor, and Ian J. Winfield)
11. Trout and Char of Northern Europe (Gorm Rasmussen, Jan Henning L’Abée-Lund, Erik Degerman, Janis Birzaks, Piotr Debowski, Evgeny Esin, Johan Hammar, Trygve Hesthagen, Ari Huusko, Martin Kesler, Antanas Kontautas, Grigorii Markevich, Christoph Petereit, Sergey Titov, Teppo Vahanen, and Øystein Aas)
12. Trout and Char of Central and Southern Europe and Northern Africa (Javier Lóbon-Cerviá, Manu Esteve, Patrick Berrebi, Antonino Duchi, Massimo Lorenzoni, and Kyle A. Young)
13. Trout of Southeast Europe, Western and Central Asia (Johannes Schöffmann, Saša Maric, and Aleš Snoj)
14. Trout of Africa: A Mixed Blessing for Its People and the Natural Environment (Dean Impson and Jeremy Shelton)
15. Trout and Char of Japan (Kentaro Morita)
16. Trout and Char of Russia (Grigorii Markevich and Evgeny Esin)
17. The Introduced Trout and Char of Australia and New Zealand (Matt Jarvis, Gerard Closs, Michel Dedual, Lance Dorsey, Wayne Fulton, Rasmus Gabrielsson, Mark Lintermans, and Morgan Trotter)
18. Global Perspectives on the Management of Trout and Char (Bradley B. Shepard, Ivan Arismendi, Bruno David, Arnaud Caudron, Michel Dedual, Malcolm Draper, Zeb Hogan, Dean Impson, Brooke E. Penaluna, Dan Vermillion, and Kyle A. Young)
19. Trout as Native and Nonnative Species: A Management Paradox (Michael J. Hansen, Christopher S. Guy, Phaedra Budy, and Thomas E. McMahon)
20. Climate Change and the Future of Trout and Char (Ryan Kovach, Bror Jonsson, Nina Jonsson, Ivan Arismendi, Jack E. Williams, Jeffrey L. Kershner, Robert Al-Chokhachy, Ben Letcher, and Clint C. Muhlfeld)
21. Global Status of Trout and Char: Conservation Challenges in the Twenty-First Century (Clint C. Muhlfeld, Daniel C. Dauwalter, Vincent S. D’Angelo,Andrew Ferguson, J. Joseph Giersch, Dean Impson, Itsuro Koizumi, Ryan Kovach, Phil McGinnity, Johannes Schöeffmann, Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad, and John Epifanio)
Perspectives on the Future of Trout and Char (Douglas Austen, Tim Jacklin, Anders Halverson, Beverly Smith, and John Zablocki)