408 pages, 92 b/w illustrations
Based on his 40+ years of research and teaching, John Wyngaard's textbook is an excellent up-to-date introduction to turbulence in the atmosphere and in engineering flows for advanced students, and a reference work for researchers in the atmospheric sciences. Part I introduces the concepts and equations of turbulence. It includes a rigorous introduction to the principal types of numerical modeling of turbulent flows. Part II describes turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer. Part III covers the foundations of the statistical representation of turbulence and includes illustrative examples of stochastic problems that can be solved analytically.
Turbulence in the Atmosphere treats atmospheric and engineering turbulence in a unified way, gives clear explanation of the fundamental concepts of modeling turbulence, and has an up-to-date treatment of turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer. Student exercises are included at the ends of chapters, and worked solutions are available online for use by course instructors.
"This textbook is well-structured, coherently explained and it is ideally priced for advanced students and researchers in the fields of aeronautical, mechanical and environmental engineering as well as oceanography, applied mathematics and physics."
– International Journal of Metrology
"The many quotations from researchers working in the field provide an interesting historical perspective. Such personal touches are welcome in a turbulence text. The book would probably be most accessible to students of atmospheric science who are familiar with concepts such as static stability and geostrophic balance. Nevertheless, Turbulence in the Atmosphere is admirable in its exposition and its breadth. It will still serve well as a graduate textbook and certainly conveys the author's affection for the subject."
– Joseph H. LaCasce, University of Oslo
"[...] provides a modern introduction to turbulence in the atmosphere and in engineering flows, written by a specialist in the field. [...] an excellent textbook on atmospheric turbulence with a fully developed mathematical presentation for advanced students and researchers in the atmospheric sciences, meteorology, aeronautical, mechanical and environmental engineering, and oceanography. [...] written in an agreeable and clear way [...] should be included in the library of every researcher in the field."
– Contemporary Physics
"[...] useful as a reference and as a resource for course instructors since each section is clearly demarcated and the terse style allows specific points to be located quickly [...] The range and quality of questions on key concepts and problems [...] at the end of each chapter, will definitely prove useful for others."
– Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Part I. A Grammar of Turbulence
2. Getting to know turbulence
3. Equations for averaged variables
4. Turbulent fluxes
5. Conservation equations for covariances
6. Large-eddy dynamics, the energy cascade, and large-eddy simulation
7. Kolmogrov scaling, its extensions, and two-dimensional turbulence
Part II. Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer
8. The equations of atmospheric turbulence
9. The atmospheric boundary layer
10. The atmospheric surface layer
11. The convective boundary layer
12. The stable boundary layer
Part III. Statistical Representation of Turbulence
13. Probability densities and distributions
14. Isotropic tensors
15. Covariances, autocorrelations, and spectra
16. Statistics in turbulence analysis
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John Wyngaard's experience in turbulence research and teaching spans the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, the Wave Propagation Laboratory of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder, the Atmospheric Analysis and Prediction Division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), and the Department of Meteorology at Pennsylvania State University, where he developed a sequence of courses on turbulence. This book is based on those courses. He has published over 100 refereed journal papers covering theoretical, observational, and numerical modeling aspects of engineering and geophysical turbulence.